Nations, accusing Tokyo of theft, as the dispute over the ownership of a chain of islands intensified.
The Japanese author of "Norweigan Wood" said cool heads should prevail.
Writing in the liberal-leaning Asahi Shimbun, Murakami, who has been tipped as a future Nobel laureate, said disputes over land existed because of the unfortunate system of dividing humanity into countries with national borders.
"When a territorial issue ceases to be a practical matter and enters the realm of 'nationalist sentiment', it creates a dangerous situation with no exit.
"It is like cheap liquor. Cheap liquor gets you drunk after only a few shots and makes you hysterical.
"It makes you speak loudly and act rudely... But after your drunken rampage you are left with nothing but an awful headache the next morning.
"We must be careful about politicians and polemists who lavish us with the cheap liquor and fan this kind of rampage," he wrote.
The ownership of the uninhabited, but strategically-coveted, Senkaku islands has been a running sore in relations between China and Japan for decades.
Tokyo administers them, but Beijing claims them under the name Diaoyu.
Tensions between two of the world's largest economies began bubbling earlier this year when the nationalist governor of Tokyo said he wanted to buy and develop the islands.
They spiked when the government swooped to nationalise them, a move Tokyo says was purely administrative but which Beijing lashed out at as a provocation.
The war of words between the two governments continued Friday with Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi blasting Japan at the United Nations in New York.
"The moves taken by Japan are totally illegal and invalid," he said.
"They can in no way change the historical fact that Japan stole Diaoyu and its affiliated islands from China and the fact that China has territorial sovereignty over them".
Murakami, who enjoys commercial and critical success around the world with his intricately crafted tales of the absurdity and loneliness of modern life, has never shied away from controversy.
When he received the 2009 Jerusalem Prize, Israel's highest literary honour for foreign writers, he obliquely criticised a Middle East conflict that claims innocent lives with regularity.
"If there is a hard, high wall and an egg that breaks against it, no matter how right the wall or how wrong the egg, I will stand on the side of the egg," he said at the ceremony in Jerusalem.
His work, including the titles "Kafka on the Shore" and "The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle", have been translated into almost 40 languages and he has a large following in China, South Korea and Taiwan.
He was awarded Spain's Order of Arts and Letters in 2010 and the Czech Republic's foremost literary award, the Franz Kafka Prize, in 2006.