The dense smog that has enveloped Gurgaon over the past few days has led to a spurt in respiratory disorders and breathing-related complaints, city hospitals said.
"The number of patients coming in with respiratory diseases has increased in the past one week. Usually, we receive such cases towards December end, but this year it is quite early," said Dr Lokesh Pant, senior consultant of internal medicine at Alchemist Hospital.
A majority of such cases have been reported in children (below 5 years) and senior citizens (above 60 years). The symptoms of respiratory disorders include shortness of breath, cough, headache, vomiting and nausea. "There have been a few cases of eye allergies too. One should immediately consult a doctor if such symptoms persist," said Dr VS Bhalla, medical superintendent of Park Hospital.
Doctors attributed the increase in respiratory ailments to pollution. "Always keep doors and windows closed. Those with chronic disorders, like asthma or bronchitis, must wear a mask," said Dr Pradeep Sharma, physician at the Civil Hospital, Gurgaon.
Some of the major components of smog are nitrogen oxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide and sulphur dioxide emitted from vehicles, road dust, top soil, pollens and hydrocarbons.
"After winds start blowing by November 9, the smog is expected to get cleared," said Dr JK Jenamani, director, Indian Meteorological Department.
On Wednesday, Gurgaon reported 300m visibility around 6am. The humidity level was between 50% and 90%.