The city has fared poorly when it comes to women’s safety, ranking sixth among eight of the biggest cities in the country, according to a new report.
In an analysis of eight cities based on three yardsticks – gender ratio, incidences of rape and dowry deaths – as part of a Female Security Index, Mumbai was only better than Ahmedabad and Delhi.
The report from the Tata Strategic Management Group out, released on Tuesday, revealed Chennai had the highest FSI, followed by Bengaluru, Kolkata, Pune and Hyderabad. The findings come in the run-up to International Women’s Day on March 8.
The indices were tabulated using census data, national sample survey findings and national crime research bureau data.
Though the report says Mumbai is second of 588 districts in India on the Well Being Index (WBI)–a tabulation of eight parameters indicating economic well-being – it fares poorly on women’s security.
“The best districts on well-being are not necessarily the best in women’s security,” said Raju Bhinge, chief executive, Tate Strategic Management Group.
“There appears to be no correlation.” Of the eight, Mumbai has the joint second highest number of rapes per lakh women at 3.3 (in a tie with Pune), second to Delhi at 6.3.
On the remaining two parameters, it is joint fourth in the number of dowry deaths and fifth on gender ratio, with 900 women per 1,000 men.
“Community life has been disrupted in the past 10 years and Mumbai has become more unsafe,” said Vibhuti Patel, economics professor and activist.
“In Mumbai and Delhi, the level of alienation is the worst and child abuse is also high.”
In the state rankings, Maharashtra is 13th on the WBI and 16th on FSI. The top 20 districts on FSI saw the Nilgiris on top, with 14 districts from south India, and not a single metro.
In terms of top five districts for FSI in every region, only Gadchiroli in Maharashtra featured in the top five in the west, alongside Diu, Dantewada (Chhattisgarh), the Dangs (Gujarat) and Dohad (Gujarat).