The poorest of the poor survive at Rs. 17 a day in villages and R23 a day in cities, latest data released by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) on Thursday revealed.
Data for 2011-12 said the bottom 5% of the population had a monthly per-capita expenditure (MCPE) of Rs. 521.44 in rural areas and Rs. 700.50 in urban areas. On the other end of the spectrum, top 5%of the population had an MPCE of R4,481 in rural areas and Rs. 10,282 in urban areas. The sample consisted of 7,496 villages in rural India and 5,263 urban blocks.
On an all-India basis, MPCE was around R1,430 for rural India and about Rs. 2,630 for urban India.
For the average rural Indian, food accounted for 52.9 % of the value of consumption while for the average urban Indian, 42.6% of the value of household consumption was accounted for food.
Amongst non-food items, fuel and light accounted for 8% consumption in rural areas while education scored the highest in urban areas at 6.9 %
These indicators are amongst the most important measures of the level of living and are crucial inputs for poverty estimation by the Planning Commission.