Defending its decision to end the boycott of Gujarat over 2002 riots, Britain on Thursday said it cannot ignore the state if it wanted to build a stronger relationship with India.
Pitching for a closer cooperation on a range of subjects and a permanent seat for India in UNSC, British high commissioner James Bevan said both the countries were working more closely together, both on the ground in places like Afghanistan, and in international organisations like the UNSC.
Noting that Britain was not seeking an exclusive partnership with India, he said both countries have "many friends and partners" around the world but his country do think that there is a "unique fit" between them that means they can aspire to do much more together in the coming years.
Delivering a lecture The UK and India: Myths, Reality and Prospects, Bevan cited the recent decision of Britain to re-engage with Gujarat on trade and easing travel advisory on Jammu and Kashmir to show that his country likes to have a robust partnership with the country.
"Our belief that India will matter more and more in future, and that all of India matters, also played a part in our recent decision to change our policy on Gujarat. Since the 2002 riots, the British government has had no high level contact with the government of Gujarat.
"But if you want to build a stronger relationship with India, as we do, you can't ignore Gujarat. And if you want to deal with any Indian state, you need to deal with the government of that state," he said.
Britain had decided to re-engage with Gujarat and Bevan met chief minister Narendra Modi on October 22. Bevan had then said the decision should not be seen as an endorsement of Modi but as an "engagement with Gujarat".
Referring to the easing of travel advisory on Kashmir for the first time in 20 years, he said it reflects an "objective assessment" of the security situation.
Bevan said the "improvement" in the security situation in Kashmir and the relaxation of travel advisory will allow an increase in British tourists and businesses to the benefit of local economy and people-to-people ties.
He said both the countries have agreed to move to a modern development partnership, which is no longer based on UK financial aid but on technical cooperation and support for private sector to unlock growth and jobs that benefit poor.
Bevan noted that both the countries were working more closely together on the world stage, both on the ground in places like Afghanistan, and in international organisations like the UNSC.
"Britain remains committed to India's permanent membership, and we and India have enjoyed a close working relationship during India's tenure on the Council," he said.
On cooperation on security-related issues, Bevan said security and intelligence agencies now cooperate on a daily basis to fight terrorism, cyber crime and other threats to our security.
He said cooperation in security area is perhaps the fastest growing and most successful of all the relationships both now have with each other.
Commenting that "historically underperformed" economic relationship has started to thrive again, he said the bilateral trade grew by 26% last year bringing the total to 16 billion pounds with British Petroleum making the single largest foreign investment into India. Emphasising on the growing economic ties between the two countries, he said the countries were on track to meet the target of doubling trade by 2015.
"Tata is now the largest manufacturing employer in the UK (45,000 jobs). There is a natural fit between our two economies," he said adding they want Indian business people to continue to come to the UK," Bevan said.
"So we provide special visa services for major investors, regular travellers, and high value customers. And again, we like to say yes: of those Indians who applied for a business visitor visa last year, over 95% were successful," Bevan said.
He said Britain is not closing its door to skilled workers from India and they will continue to welcome those who can fill gaps in the labour market which cannot be filled by UK residents.
"After listening to Indian industry, we have made special arrangements for Indians coming to the UK under intra-company transfers - where a company based in India wishes to send a staff member to work for the company in the UK. We have deliberately not set a limit on the number of Indians who can come to the UK by this route," he said.
Talking about myths on Britain, he said, there are five things in particular that many Indians think they know about the UK.
"They know that: Brits are stuffy and old fashioned, UK is a declining power, UK is closed to visitors, students aren't welcome and UK and India are not as close as they were. And all these things are wrong. They too are myths," he said.
He noted that within weeks of being elected in 2010, Prime Minister David Cameron came to India with the largest overseas delegation led by a prime minister in modern times.
His aim was to build a stronger, wider and deeper relationship between the new Britain and the new India, he said adding, "He saw this as a strategic imperative for the UK. Because the 21st century, more than any previous period, will be shaped by India.
"It was equally clear that this partnership could not rest of the sentimentality of the past. It needed to be a partnership of equals, characterised by mutual respect, and founded on mutual interest to the benefit of our two peoples. Since 2010 there has been significant progress in building that new partnership."
On the Gujarat chief minister, Bevan said Modi is democratically elected and "if you want to deal with a state in India you need to deal with the government of that state and you need to deal with the democratically elected chief minister."
Asked what will the UK do if a court convicts Modi, he said, "I have made a habit of not answering a hypothetical question and you have asked me a hypothetical question. What I would say is that we would deal with the democratically elected government of Gujarat."
On the issue of the South China Sea, Bevan said Britain is of the view that the contesting countries should reach a mutually acceptable solution.
Asked about India's remarks that Britain has not replied to the letter regarding former IPL chief Lalit Modi, he said: "What I can say is that we will cooperate and we do cooperate with the Indian government on all cases of mutual concern. And when we know there is a particular case concerning Indian government, we give it a very high priority."
On Mamata Banerjee, he said they met the West Bengal chief minister and had a good conversation on developing the relations between Bengal and the UK.
"One of the things that the CM is interested is revitalising Kolkata," the British High Commissioner said.