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HindustanTimes Wed,01 Oct 2014

How the Presidential elections work

Charu Sudan Kasturi, Hindustan Times  New Delhi, July 16, 2012
First Published: 19:34 IST(16/7/2012) | Last Updated: 12:57 IST(18/7/2012)

Here is a look at how the election to the highest office in the country works:

The Presidential elections are on: July 19, 2012

When does the term of the current President (Pratibha Patil) ends:
July 24, 2012

Length of the President's term:
5 years

Who is eligible to stand for President:
a) Must be Indian citizen
b) Is at least 35 years old
c) Is eligible to be an MP.
d) Does not hold an office of profit.

Why you probably can't stand for President even if you meet all the above criteria:
A Presidential candidate needs the signed support of at least 100 MPs or MLAs at the time of filing his nomination papers: 50 as proposers, and 50 as seconders. Only

Who all vote in the Presidential polls:
All MLAs and MPs.

How many votes does each MLA have:
Varies from 7 in Sikkim to 208 in Uttar Pradesh, calculated by dividing the state's population in 1971 by the strength of its legislative assembly.

How many total votes do MLAs account for:
5,49,474

http://www.hindustantimes.com/Images/Popup/2012/7/president-graphics.jpg


How many votes does each MP have:
708, calculated by dividing the total votes of all MLAs (549474) by the total number of MPs across Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha (776).

How many total votes do MPs account for:
5,49,408

How many total votes do the electors have:
10,98,882

Where the MPs and MLAs vote on July 19:
The MPs vote in a room in Parliament, and MLAs in their respective assemblies.

Who can challenge election results:
Only the candidates or at least 20 electors together through a petition which must be filed to the returning officer (Rajya Sabha secretary general) within a month of the declaration of results.

When will India have its next President:
Results will be announced on July 22, 2012.

Related:

Not just a figurehead: why a President is important
The President is the head of the Indian state, holding a post that captures the authority of the Constitution. Read more

Pranab Mukherjee: Ex-smoker, permanent workaholic
Pranab Mukherjee was quite a foodie in his younger days and was fond of smoking—but only pipes. Read more

Purno Sangma: Defying all odds
Riding repeated highs and lows, the strongman from Tura has always found a way to bounce back to the headlines. Read more

Not coming out tops in this
The race to Raisina Hill has already become quite murky so to muddy the waters... Read more

It's been uphill to Raisina Hill
It should have been a smooth passage for such an accomplished person. But it was not to be.  Read more

Votes of MLAs from different states
The votes each MLA in a state has in the Presidential poll is determined by dividing that state's population in 1971 by the numbers of seats in its assembly. Read more


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