UPA’s special development plan for 82 naxal-affected districts has decreased violence related to left-wing extremism, latest government data shows.
The Integrated Action Plan (IAP), started in 2011, saw Rs. 6,090 crore allocated and 74% of the money utilized with roads, drinking water facilities, and social infrastructure like schools and anganwadi centres prioritized.
Around 1.10 lakh projects were taken up and 77 % of them were completed by the end of June showing how a focused approach can help. The IAP is monitored by the planning commission through regular video-conferencing with the district collectors, authorised to use funds as per the local need of villages.
“The IAP has helped in reducing local support for naxals by bridging the trust deficit,” said a former plan panel secretary Sudha Pillai. “It was a unique scheme where untied funds were provided at local level with a sound monitoring mechanism and accountability for success and failures”.
The data for 2012-13 showed an overall decline in naxal violence in three years of the programme resulting in fewer casualties among security personnel. However, the home ministry credits security offensive and use of aerial surveillance for fall in violence and not IAP.
However, the panel is not in agreement with the Home Ministry’s view. The functionary said that the IAP objectives have been met in most states even though the scheme was poorly implemented in Bihar, where naxal movement is said to be gaining ground.
In the 11 districts covered under IAP in Bihar, the expenditure was just 61.5%, much lower than the national average, with two districts — Munger and Kaimur — not seeking any money in 2012-13. West Champaran district took up 1480 projects and completed none. Munger completed only 25% of the projects undertaken. The best performing district was Gaya with 96 % projects completed. Maharashtra performed best followed by Chattisgarh and Jharkhand. The other worse performing states were Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal.