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India's space odyssey: A timeline

IANS   September 09, 2012
First Published: 13:30 IST(9/9/2012) | Last Updated: 13:32 IST(9/9/2012)

ISRO's PSLV C21 rocket successfully blasted off into space on its 100th mission on Sunday morning.


Here is a timeline of the five decades of India's space programme:

1962 - Indian National Committee for Space Research set up by the Department of Atomic Energy. Work starts on Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) in Kerala.

1963 - First sounding rocket launched from TERLS Nov 21.

1965 - Space Science and Technology Centre set up in Thumba.

1968 - Experimental Satellite Communication Earth Station set up in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.

1969 - Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) formed Aug 15 under the Department of Atomic Energy.

1971 - Satish Dhawan Space Centre (formerly SHAR Centre) formed in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.

1972 - Department of Space (DoS) established and ISRO brought under it. ISRO Satellite Centre set up in Bangalore and Space Applications Centre in Ahmedabad.

1975 - Satellite Instructional Television Experiment using an US satellite. First Indian satellite, Aryabhata, launched into space April 19.

1977 - Satellite Telecommuncation Experiments Project (1977-79) using Franco-German Symphonie Satellite.

1979 - Bhaskara-1, an earth observation experimental satellite, launched. First experimental launch of Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-3) carrying the Rohini satellite. The satellite not placed in the orbit.

1980 - Second experimental launch of SLV-3 with Rohini. Mission successful.

1981 - First developmental launch of SLV-3. Rohini placed into orbit. Launch of APPLE, an experimental geo-stationary communication satellite. Launch of Bhaskara-2 by an USSR rocket.

1982 - Launch of Insat-1A communication satellite by an US rocket.

1983 - Second developmental flight of SLV-3 placed Rohini into orbit. Insat system commissioned with launch to Insat-1B satellite.

1984 - First Indian cosmonaut, Rakesh Sharma, spends eight days in Russian space station Salyut 7. He flew in Russian rocket Soyuz T-11.

1987 - First development launch of Augmented SLV (ASLV) with satellite SROSS-1. Mission failed.

1988 - Launch of Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellite - IRA-1A through a Russian rocket. Second developmental flight of ASLV with SROSS satellite. Mission failed.

1991 - Launch of second operational remote sensing satellite IRS-1B.

1992 - First successful launch of ASLV placing SROSS-C satellite. Launch of Insat-2A, the first satellite of the indigenously-built second generation Insat series, followed by the 3 and 4 series.

1993 - First development flight of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) with IRS-1E. Mission failed.

1994 - Fourth developmental flight of ASLV with SROSS-C2. Mission successful. Successful launch of PSLV placing IRS-P2 in orbit.

1996 - Third developmental flight of PSLV with IRS-P3.

1997 - First operational launch of PSLV carrying IRS-1D.

1999 - PSLV started carrying foreign payloads (Korean and German satellites) along with ISRO's satellite Oceansat.

2001 - Successful launch of heavy rocket Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) with GSAT-1 satellite. Launch of PSLV with India's Technology Experimental Satellite and satellites from Belgium and Germany.

2002 - Launch of Kalpana-1 satellite on-board a PSLV rocket.

2003 - Launch of GSat-2 on board GSLV and Resourcesat-1 by PSLV.

2004 - Launch of Edusat by GSLV's first operational flight.

2005 - Commissioning of second launch pad at Sriharikota. Launch of Cartosat-1 and Hamsat by PSLV.

2006 - Second operational flight of GSLV with Insat-4C. For the first time, an Indian rocket carried a communication satellite. The mission failed.

2007 - Launch of Cartosat-2 with Space Capsule Recovery Experiment and two foreign satellites and successful recovery of the space capsule. Launch of Italian satellite AGILE by PSLV and Insat-4CR by GSLV.

2008 - Launch of Israeli satellite Tecsar by PSLV. Launch of two Indian and eight foreign satellites by a single PSLV. India's first moon mission Chandrayaan-1 by PSLV.

2009 - Launch of Radar Imaging Satellite (Risat-2) and Anusat from Anna University (first satellite from an Indian university) by PSLV. Launch of seven satellites by PSLV, including India's Oceansat.

2010 - Failure of two GSLV missions. Launch of Cartosat-2B, STUDSAT and three small foreign satellites by PSLV.

2011 - Launch of Resourcest-2 and two small satellites by PSLV. Launch of GSAT-12 by PSLV. Launch of Megha Tropiques and three small satellites by PSLV.

2012 - Launch of Risat-1 by PSLV. Launch of French satellite SPOT 6 and Japanese satellite Proiteres.

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