Justice Dalveer Bhandari, a judge of the International Court of Justice at The Hague, on Saturday said urgent judicial and legal reforms were needed to clear the backlog of over 30 million cases pending in various courts in India.
Addressing an international seminar on 'Recent Trends in Judicial Reforms: A Global Perspective', Justice Bhandari, a former judge of the Supreme Court, said one of the main reasons for judicial delays was unnecessary litigation by various governments.
"The Central government and the state governments are the biggest litigants in courts. The governments must ensure that litigations are initiated only in genuine and bona fide cases,"said Justice Bhandari, who is also the president of India International Law Foundation.
"We have carried out some reforms, but they are far from adequate and we need to carry out extensive judicial reforms. It is absolutely imperative in our country to ensure that cases are decided promptly in future," he said at the seminar organised by the foundation.
He also blamed the inadequate number of judicial officers, infrastructure, lack of use of modern technology and frequent adjournment by lawyers for delayed justice.
Giving an overview of judicial reforms in various countries, including China and Brazil, Justice Bhandari said global issues were becoming increasingly prominent because of liberalisation.