The study showed that women are twice as likely to fail for bad reversing and also make more mistakes with steering and gear changes, the Daily Express reported.
Men often fail for going too fast, ignoring lights or missing road signs.
The most common reason for failing a driving test for both sexes was not spotting a hazard at a road junction, followed by failing to check mirrors.
About 1.5 million learners in the UK take the driving test each year, according to the Department for Transport.
The pass rate has risen to almost 50% and is 6% higher for men than for women.
Female drivers need an average 52 hours of tuition to pass but men speed through with just 36 hours of lessons.
However, once they have passed their test, women are up to a fifth safer than men, according to a study of 19,000 British drivers last year by information technology company Wunelli.