Currency derivative trading allows traders and investors to take forward views on various currency pairs, including rupee-dollar, and it was being felt that large-scale speculations on their future movements might be adding to the downward pressure on the Indian currency, which fell to a record below 61 level against the US greenback yesterday.
SEBI said in a circular that it is reducing the exposure that brokers and their clients can take on currency derivatives and also doubled their margins on dollar-rupee contracts.
The exposure to all currency contracts for a broker has been capped at 15% of their overall exposure or $50 million, whichever is lower.
For clients, this cap would be 6%, or $10 million, whichever is lower.
SEBI said that the new norms would be applicable with effect from July 11 and the changes have been decided in consultation with RBI "in the view of recent turbulent phase of extreme volatility in $-Rs exchange rate.
The current exposure limits for brokers and clients were the higher amounts of 15% of their overall exposure or $50 million, and 6% or $10 million, respectively.
The margin requirements are different across various categories and they are being increased by 100% of the present rates for rupee-dollar derivative contracts.