However, the relationship between the former CIA director and the spy thriller writer went far deeper than raiding the novels for technological inspiration.
Dr Christopher Moran from the University of Warwick has trawled through declassified letters and media reports from the 1950 and 60s for the study, Ian Fleming and the Public Profile of the CIA, published in the Journal of Cold War Studies.
“There was a surprising two-way influence between the CIA and the James Bondnovels during the Cold War, stemming from the mutual admiration between Allen Dulles and Ian Fleming,” he said
“This ranged from the copying of devices, such as the poison-tipped dagger shoe in From Russia With Love, to the agency using the 007 novels to improve its public profile,” he added.
“It’s even more striking that this was going on at time when mentioning the CIA was strictly off-limits for the US media and cultural establishment, whereas Fleming, as a British author, could say what he liked,” he said.
“For a long time, the James Bond books had a monopoly on the CIA’s public image and the agency used this to its advantage,” he added.
Declassified letters between Allen Dulles and Ian Fleming reveal the former CIA boss’s strong affection for the Bond novels — he even persuaded the author not to pension off 007 in 1963.