Among social media users ages 18 and older, 30 % say that at least one of their accounts is currently set up to include their location in their posts, up from 14 % who said they had ever done this in 2011.
The survey found a small drop in the number of smartphone owners who use "check in" location services: around 12 % of adult smartphone owners said they use a geosocial service to "check in" to certain locations or share their location with friends, down from 18 % in early 2012.
Among those who do check in with their locations, 39 % said they did so on Facebook, 18 % on Foursquare and 14 % on Google Plus.
The survey highlights the increasing role of smartphones which can track users' locations, which raises privacy and safety concerns but also offers opportunities for tech firms to tell customers what is near them.
Some prior surveys indicate a number of mobile phone users have disabled location-tracking features at some point due to privacy concerns.
The findings were based on a survey of 2,252 adults from April 17 to May 19, with a margin of error estimated at 2.3 percentage points.