Mumbai has dipped to the eighth rank in the human development index in Maharashtra, as per the draft report presented before the state cabinet on Wednesday.
Although the city ranks highest among districts in per capita income in the state, its performance on two other parameters — health
and education — is comparatively poor.
Compiled by the Yashvantrao Chavan Academy of Development Administration (Yashada), the report was presented before the state cabinet on Wednesday.
According to the report, the literacy rate in the city has improved to 90.3% in 2011 from 86.75% ten years ago.
However, the rate of improvement in the city on this parameter was poor when compared with the average literacy rate in Maharashtra, as the state figures improved to 82.9% from 76.9% in ten years.
The city’s performance in the general enrolment rate in schools is similar.
The city topped the state in per capita net district domestic product income, which rose to Rs. 58,818 in 2011 from Rs36,883 ten years ago.
Pune/Thane and Nagpur rank second and third, with the 2011 income at Rs50,158 and Rs37,995 respectively.
On the parameter of infant mortality rate (IMR), Mumbai has fared poorly in the state.
The state rate has improved from 47 to 44 per 1,000 births in ten years — a reduction of 22 percentage points.
Mumbai does not even rank in the top three districts as far as improvement in the IMR in ten years is concerned. This has led to an overall dip in the city’s rank in the state chart.
Meanwhile, Gadchiroli, one of the four naxal-hit districts, has seen a reduction in IMR from 75 per 1,000 child births in 2001. Kolhapur tops the chart of lowest IMR, with 13 per 1,000 births.
Mumbai is among the top three contributors, along with Thane and Pune, in the state’s share of financial growth, but the city is not among the top districts in terms of growth of the state domestic income. Dhule, Hingoli, Jalna and Jalgaon are the best performing districts.
The presentation was opposed strongly by some ministers as they felt the growth of the state was presented in poor light when compared with neighbouring states.
Some of the figures date back to 2008 and 2009.
The report also had shocking figures about the annual income of families from scheduled tribes. This led to an uproar in the cabinet, which decided to withhold figures in the draft and update them before the final report is published.
The report has been prepared considering a taluka as a unit to enable micro-level perception of the overall development in the state.
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