Ahmed Kirmani, who wrote the paper, said the research has been called 'counter-intuitive' as normally the number of photons detected would tell you how bright an image was.
He said that the camera technology is similar to the Lidar system used by Google for its Streetview service.
The team said the camera's technology could be used in many different fields.
It could help ophthalmologists to create an image of a patient's eye without having to shine a bright light in someone's eye.
The researchers said that the technology could be developed to make 3D cameras for mobile phones.
The camera requires less light than the ones currently available and therefore uses less power, the report added.