In the 20-minute address Suu Kyi urged help for unemployed youth in particular, who were suffering from a lack of education.
"It's not so much joblessness as hopelessness that affects our future," she said.
The veteran activist and newly-elected member of parliament advocated coordinated social, political and economic policies "that will put our country once again on the map of the positive and the successful.
"Coming to this conference I have learned that we can all work together," she said.
"I felt at home, I felt I had come back to meet members of my family.
"We are not only a family of nations but a family of people."
Suu Kyi concluded by inviting members of the ILO to visit Myanmar to see its potential.
It is the politician's first visit to Europe since 1988 after years spent under house arrest.
Switzerland is the first stop on the more than two-week tour taking her to Norway, Britain, France and Ireland and which will include a speech in Oslo for her 1991 Nobel Peace Prize.