Vadra had used the words 'mango man in a banana republic' on his Facebook.
"He has called India a banana republic when his own party is in power. Congress should explain this," Javadekar said.
Vadra has since closed his Facebook account.
Tharoor had earned the ire of the people when he said on Twitter that he is travelling cattle class in a flight.
He was referring to the economy class while expressing his disappointment at not travelling business class.