The Nobel Peace Prize, awarded on Friday to the European Union, has a long history of recognising institutions since it was first awarded in 1901.
In October 2001, the award was given to the United Nations and its secretary general.
The International Committee of the Red
Cross tops the list of institutional laureates with three wins: in 1917, 1944 and 1963.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was honoured in 1954 and 1981.
Here is a full list of the institutions that have won the prize:
1904: Institute of International Law
1910: Permanent International Peace Bureau
1917: International Committee of the Red Cross
1938: Nansen International Office for Refugees
1944: International Committee of the Red Cross
1947: Friends Service Council (The Quakers), American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers)
1954: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
1963: International Committee of the Red Cross and the League of Red Cross Societies
1965: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
1969: International Labour Organisation
1977: Amnesty International
1981: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
1985: International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War
1988: United Nations Peacekeeping Forces
1995: The Pugwash movement
1997: The International Campaign to Ban Landmines
1999: Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Borders)
2001: Kofi Annan (Ghana) and the United Nations
2005: International Atomic Energy Agency and its director general Mohamed ElBaradei (Egypt)
2007: The UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
2012: The European Union (EU)
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