His dazzling display ended Red Bull's run of three consecutive races in which they dominated qualifying and produced front row lockouts.'
Defending champion and series leader Sebastian Vettel qualified only third and will miss out on a front row start in Abu Dhabi for the first time after suffering technical problems for much of the day.
Vettel's main title rival, Fernando Alonso of Ferrari, struggled to qualify seventh in a frustrating session.
Hamilton's best lap, clocked on his first run in the top ten shootout, was good enough to leave him three-tenths of a second clear of Vettel's teammate Mark Webber who will share the front row with him for Sunday's 55-laps race at the 5.554 kms Yas Marina Circuit.
Hamilton's pole was his sixth this year and the 25th of his career on a circuit that he clearly responds to with great elan -- and gives him a perfect opportunity to upset the Red Bull express and end Vettel's run of four consecutive wins in pursuit of his goal of becoming F1's youngest triple world champion.
Hamilton, whose father Anthony has been with him in the paddock, said: "I'm very excited. It's the first time for a long time to be ahead of the Red Bulls and starting at the front. It's going to be tough in the race and I hope we are strong enough to fight them once again. The car's felt beautiful all weekend."