So to set an example, they gave them up. And switched to being chauffeured about town in black Audis, the windows tinted a dusty gray. This lesson in asceticism, Chinese style, resonates even today, as the party elite met at Beijing's Great Hall of the People this week to lay hands on China's next generation of leaders.
As the Chinese have abandoned their bicycles, the black A6 has become the automobile of choice for practically any party official or military officer with enough clout to secure one. At the least, that is a cast of thousands: Audi sold 313,000 cars in China in 2011, and the research firm LMC Automotive estimated this year that a fifth of sales go to governments, state institutions and state-owned companies. About half of all A6s sold worldwide (229,200 in 2011) are bought in China and Hong Kong, the research firm Dunne & Company reported last year.
More than a perk, the black Audi is a rolling advertisement for its occupant's importance and impunity in a nation obsessed with status. Black A6s slice through traffic queues and scream down the emergency lanes of Beijing's traffic-clogged freeways, sometimes with a flashing red light stuck on the roof or implanted in the grille. Ordinary drivers know better than to cut them off or complain, at least publicly.
To many, it is also a symbol of rot within the vast party bureaucracy and of a widening gap between the privileged and the common man. Public crusades against corruption and extravagance have been a staple of Communist rhetoric for decades, but to little avail; even Beijing's fleet of police cruisers includes BMWs.