"This was a combined operation of US and Afghan forces," said 1st Lt Joseph Alonso, a spokesman for US forces in Afghanistan. "Information was collected through multiple intelligence sources, which allowed Afghan and coalition forces to identify the location of Joseph and the criminals responsible for his captivity."
Gen John Allen, the top commander of US forces in Afghanistan, said the joint force planned, rehearsed and successfully conducted the operation.
"Thanks to them, Dr Joseph will soon be rejoining his family and loved ones," Allen said.
The statement did not say where Joseph is from, or whether he was harmed in captivity.
No other details of the rescue operation were immediately available.