A recent study has revealed a paradoxical situation in the holy city as far as crime is concerned. As per the study, even as the crime rate is quite low in Amritsar, the incidence of crime is on the rise.
The study, sponsored by Housing and Urban Development Corporation Limited (HUDCO), has been conducted by the Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development (CRRID) and co-authored by Dr Ranvindder Singh Sandhu and Manoj Kumar Teotia.
The crime rate, the study says, shows increasing trend as far as burglary, kidnapping and abduction and rape are concerned. Similarly, the highest crime rate increase has been observed with regard to drug-related crime.
Dr Ranvindder Singh Sandhu, co-author for the study, said that incidence of crime means total number of registered crimes in a state or a settlement and crime rate means number of crimes per one lakh population. “Crime rate is one of the real measures of crime in a city. At present, the crime rate in Amritsar is quite low,” he said.
As per the study, which has taken into consideration figures pertaining to crime from 20102012, crimes are classified-as those under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and those covered by special and local Laws.
Irrespective of the low crime rate, the incidence of crime, particularly as far as crime under special and local laws is concerned, is on the rise as compared to those under the IPC.
The study asserts that under the IPC cases, the maximum increase in the incidence of crime has been in cases of robbery which is to the tune of 108.0% in comparison to 2011.
The other crimes which have significantly increased over the same period (2010 to 2012) are notably incidents of burglary and rape followed by murder. These crimes have increased by 31.0 to 35.0% respectively.
As per the findings of the study, incidence of snatching, kidnapping and abduction has increased in 2012 by up to 20% in comparison to the previous year. The decline has been witnessed in 2012 in cases related to thefts and assaults on public servants in comparison to 2011.
Under the category of special and local laws, the maximum increase in the incidence of crime, in comparison to other crimes, has been in the category of NDPS Act. “This increase has been to the tune of 88%. Thus, this figure is of grave concern for both police as well as the state who will have to look for reasons for this alarming trend. The overall picture which emerges is that there has been significant increase in total,” the study says.
The number of cases re gistered under the category of local and special laws, is about 56% as compared to the number of cases under the IPC, which is mere eight 8% to the total crimes registered. In totality, the increase has been to the tune of 22% cent in overall crime in comparison to the previous year.
As far as crime rate is concerned, the study points out that the cases of cheating and theft are two-fifths of the total crime reported on the population basis during 2010. For the year 2011, there are notably four different categories wherein double figure of crime rate has been observed.
These are cheating, thefts followed by two newer crimes -snatching and burglary.
“For the year 2012, the crime rate increased tremendously for cases related to burglary and snatching. Under special and local laws, the crime rate has also swelled up to eleven points from the 2010 figure. Similar trend has been seen in crime rate related to excise act. Thus from four categories having double-figure crime rate in 2010, these categories have increased to six in all,” said Dr Sandhu.
He added that all these figures reflect the sorry state of affairs in the overall incidence and crime rate in this metropolis of the state.
“When we compare variation in the incidence of crime between city level and state level what we arrive at is a cocktail of crime under IPC cases as of dacoity, rape, kidnapping and abduction followed by snatching. Under local and special laws, especially under NDPS Act and the Excise Act, maximum incidence of crime has reported. Hence, the state figures are mere a copy of what is happening at the city level not just for incidence of crime but at the level of crime rate,” Dr Sandhu maintained.