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European car sales in 20-year slump: trade

European new cars sales slumped in January to the lowest level for twenty years, trade data showed. Sales fell by 27 per cent in January from the figure in January last year, the European Automobile Manufacturers Association said.

autos Updated: Feb 13, 2009 15:59 IST

European new cars sales slumped in January to the lowest level for twenty years, trade data showed on Friday.

Sales fell by 27 per cent in January from the figure in January last year, the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA) said.

New registrations totalled 958,517 cars, the lowest level for two decades, ACEA said.

"All markets (contributed) negatively to the results," it said in a statement which underscores distress in the European industry, badly hit by the US-born economic crisis which has left most of Europe in recession.

On Thursday, the European Union's Eurostat data agency reported that factories and refineries in EU had cut production at the fastest rate on record last month, and for 2008 as a whole.

Industrial output in the 15 EU nations using the euro currency last year fell by 2.6 per cent in December and 12 per cent for 2008 as a whole, both the biggest slumps since records began in 1990,

The news was little better for the 27-nation European Union as a whole.

Industrial production fell by a record 2.3 per cent in December in the wider EU and by yet another record 11.5 per cent for the whole of last year.

Earlier this week, European car makers urged EU nations to step up and coordinate action to help their industry through the economic crisis with auto production set to slide further as the year progresses.

"The measures that the EU has agreed upon so far are insufficient to meet the needs of our industry," said Carlos Ghosn, president of the European auto industry's ACEA trade association.

The ACEA said that auto production fell by 20 per cent in the last quarter of 2008, and it expects output to decline this year by at least 15 per cent, putting pressure on costs and jobs.

Sales at Europe's leading auto maker Volkswagen fell by 15 per cent in January.

It has put around two-thirds of its German workforce on shorter hours as it slashes production to cope with the fall in demand.

Late last month Sergio Marchionne, chief executive at Italy's Fiat, said he expects 2009 to be the company's toughest year to date, while also warning that the country's auto sector could shed 60,000 jobs unless the state comes to the rescue.

National bailouts of their auto sectors are high on Europe's agenda, both from those eager to implement them and those warning against the threats of protectionism.

The European Commission warned France on Thursday that its plan to bailout struggling French car makers must not have "negative collateral effects" on other EU nations.

President Nicolas Sarkozy has announced plans to lend PSA Peugeot Citroen and Renault three billion euros (3.9 billion dollars) each and other measures in exchange for a promise not to shut French plants or sack French workers.

The scheme has riled several EU nations, not least the Czech Republic, which currently holds the EU's rotating presidency.

The Czech Republic is home to a number of foreign-owned car plants, including one by France's PSA Citroen Peugeot, which announced plans on Wednesday to cut 11,000 jobs worldwide in 2009.

New car registrations in Europe have now dropped for nine straight months, mirroring the effects of the credit crunch.

In absolute numbers, January 2009 volumes reached 958,517 units, or the lowest level in two decades.

With the exception of France (-7.9 per cent), all markets faced a double-digit downturn.

German sales were down by over 14 per cent, Britain's remaining auto industry registered over 30 per cent fewer cars, Italy was down 32 percent and Spain a whopping 41.6 per cent.