Renault Duster review, test drive

Autocar India
First Published: 17:50 IST(27/11/2012)
Last Updated: 18:10 IST(27/11/2012)
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Does Renault's small SUV hit the sweet spot? Read our comprehensive and instrumented review.
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Showrooms flooded with potential buyers and, on the last count, 10,000 customers who have put their money down for the Duster is testament to the fact that Renault seems to have gotten it just right with its small SUV. The French carmaker has played its cards right with the Duster’s prices, which range from Rs. 7.19 lakh to Rs. 11.29 lakh. At this price, it appeals not only to large SUV buyers, but also to C-segment saloon buyers. And with three engine options – a 102.5bhp petrol, an 84bhp diesel and a 108.5bhp diesel, there’s a Duster for everyone. Clearly the potential for success is tremendous.

But for the Duster to really live up to buyers’ expectations, it has to deliver on the counts that made SUVs popular in India in the first place. It has to have the right image, be spacious enough to transport a family in comfort and, of course, be capable to take on the worst of Indian roads. We test the more powerful diesel to see if the Duster is all the SUV you’ll need.

Design & engineering

A key question is whether or not the Duster matches the Indian car buyer’s image of what an SUV should look like. Simply put, yes it does. It stays true to the SUV template with its flared wheel arches, short front and rear overhangs and impressive 205mm ground clearance. All these ingredients add up to give the Duster a very confident stance and make it look larger than it is.

The lack of excessive detailing gives it a robust and no-nonsense look. Its squarish double-barrel headlights and chrome-rich grille gel well, while the scuff plate and plastic cladding on the lower portion of the bumpers hint at the Duster’s off-road ability. There are more interesting touches in the smart running boards, roof rails and the kink in the rear quarter glass, though some bits like the flimsy lift-type door handles point to the strict costs the Duster is built to.

Like many SUVs today, the Duster positions its full-size spare tyre under the body rather than on the hatch. The rounded tail does make the Duster look a bit hunchbacked, but the blister effect beside the small tail-lamps is unique.

Underpinning the Duster is Renault’s hardy B platform that also forms the basis for the Renault Logan (now Mahindra Verito), though the Duster’s wheelbase is marginally longer. Its monocoque construction also allows it to sit lower than conventional body-on-ladder SUVs. For now, India only gets the front-wheel-drive Duster, which employs MacPherson struts in the front and a programme-deflection torsion beam axle at the rear. The four-wheel-drive version, which is unlikely to be available before late 2013, uses a slightly different rear suspension (independent MacPherson struts) to accommodate the 4WD hardware. All 108.5bhp diesel Duster variants get ABS, EBD and brake assist and ventilated front discs and rear drums as standard.

Interiors

While the Duster is spacious enough in its own right, it doesn’t feel as roomy as other SUVs in its segment, like the Tata Safari, for instance. However, ingress and egress is a breeze, there’s head- and legroom aplenty for all passengers, and the cabin is wide enough to seat three average-sized adults in comfort on the rear seat. Also, the flat rear seat may not look it, it is really comfortable, with great back and thigh support. Likewise, the front seats, which get lumbar-support adjustment, are also comfy enough for long distances, though we found the driver’s seat height adjuster cumbersome to use while seated.

But more than anything else, it is the quality of plastics throughout the cabin that disappoint. Some bits, like the well-finished door handles and curvy instrument binnacle, do look nice, but elsewhere the hard plastics seem straight out of a budget hatchback. The pillar-like rear AC vent (engineered especially for India) stands out like a sore thumb, looks cheap, and also eats into middle-passenger legroom. Everything does feel solidly put together though and the fit between panels on the dashboard is decent. The dashboard itself is quite functional, but places the air-con controls a bit low for comfortable access; the mechanically operated air-con switches, both front and rear, also feel quite rudimentary. Then there’s the unusual positioning of the electric mirror adjuster under the handbrake lever, and audio controls on the steering column (and hence out of sight) that take time getting used to. Thankfully, Renault has repositioned the power window switches from the dashboard to dedicated pods on the doors before launching the Duster here, but it’s still not perfect.

With no third row of seats to eat into boot space as with seven-seat SUVs, the Duster has plenty of space for cargo. The boot is cleverly shaped and can gobble up a lot more luggage than its 475-litre capacity suggests. Folding down the single-piece rear bench further increases the carrying capacity to 1,064 litres.

Performance

In keeping with its small SUV tag, the Duster also uses relatively small engines. Apart from a 1.6-litre petrol motor, the Duster comes with Renault’s popular 1.5-litre K9K diesel engine. With an SOHC for its eight valves, this four-cylinder motor may not be cutting-edge in terms of technology, but it is a very flexible unit. On the Duster it is available in two states of tune – 84bhp and 108.5bhp – with different injection systems and turbochargers responsible for the varied power output. The more powerful version tested here, THP in Renault-speak, features seven-hole Piezo injectors, a variable-geometry turbocharger (as opposed to the fixed-geometry turbo on the 84bhp version) and also comes with an intercooler. Prior to the Duster’s launch in India, the THP engine received updates to improve driveability in the form of a simplified air-intake path and new low-inertia turbo.

This Duster felt far more responsive than the one we drove last month and we put this down to its engine being run-in. Power builds smoothly from as low as 1500rpm with a stronger shove around the 2000rpm mark. That’s not to say the engine is free from turbo lag. Driving up the twisty hill roads near Munnar, we had to keep shifting down from third gear to second to maintain momentum. For the record, this motor churns out its 25.3kgm of peak torque at 2250rpm. Thanks to the engine’s broad spread of power, even part-throttle responses are good and you can actually pull cleanly from 30kph in fifth gear. But to get the most out of this engine, you need to stay within the 2000-4000rpm band. Hold gear and the engine will crawl further to its 5000rpm redline, at which point it does sound quite thrashy. In fact, in terms of overall refinement, the engine is just about average.

This engine is mated to Renault’s six-speed TL4 manual gearbox, and while it doesn’t require much effort to change gears, the gearshifts are not very precise. A bigger bother is the slightly heavy clutch that gets tiring to operate in stop-go traffic. What does help driveability is the short gearing for first, second and third, which allows you to keep the engine on the boil in typical city driving scenarios. In contrast, fifth and sixth gears are tall, to aid relaxed highway cruising; 80kph in sixth gear has the engine spinning at a lazy 1800rpm.

Ride & handling

The manner in which the Duster casually dismisses the worst patches of road makes it a more comfortable drive than all comparably priced saloons too. The suspension always goes about its business in a quiet manner, sharp bumps like expansion joints are easily filtered out and your passengers won’t be able to tell the size of the crater you just drove over.

Even at highway speeds, the Duster remains very composed and free from any undue up-and-down movement. Its wide footprint and relatively low centre of gravity also come together to give it good stability at all speeds and also under braking. Body control is also good and roll is fairly well contained. But, driving up a twisty section, we found the Duster lacked the agility you’d expect from a monocoque SUV. While it is not ponderous around bends, it is not as engaging as a Honda CR-V either. The electro-hydraulic steering doesn’t serve up much feedback either, with some slack at the straight-ahead position. However, it is light enough at low speeds, which is a boon in city confines. A tight turning circle further aids the Duster’s ease of use.

And while it may lack four-wheel-drive hardware, even this front-wheel-drive Duster is quite adept off-road, so long as you are realistic about its abilities. The short gearing and the 30-degree approach and 35-degree departure angles allow the small SUV to clamber up hillocks, and it can also wade through knee-deep water if the need arises.

Efficiency

At 1308kg, the Duster is light by SUV standards, and this more than anything else was bound to reflect in its fuel consumption. Driving in congested city streets, the Duster delivered a fuel economy figure of 11.8kpl. Out on the highway, the tall sixth gear makes the Duster a relaxed cruiser and allows it to stretch each litre of diesel for a remarkable 17 kilometres.

Verdict

The Renault Duster certainly lives up to all the hype surrounding it, even though it can't seat seven people like the larger SUVs in the market and the fact that the interiors aren't too special. Also, at Rs. 11.29 lakh for the top-end diesel, it is on the pricier side and not as affordable as people expected. But viewed in totality, the Duster has a lot going for it. It looks smart, comes with a comfortable and spacious-enough cabin and is well-built too. The 108.5bhp diesel engine has ample pep for most occasions and also scores on fuel economy. The handling is predictable, but what most buyers will be interested in is the fantastic ride quality that is good enough to humble some more expensive saloons. All Renault needs now is to enhance its sales and service setup because, in the Duster, they have the ideal urban SUV for India.

Technical Specs

Fact File


What it costs
Ex-showroom (Delhi)  Rs 10.99 lakh
Warranty  4 years/80,000km

Engine
Fuel                               Diesel
Installation                      Front, transverse
Type                              4 cyls, 1461cc, turbo-diesel
Bore/stroke                   76.0/80.5mm
Compression ratio          15.3:1
Valve gear                      2 valves per cyl, SOHC
Power                           108.5bhp at 3900rpm
Torque                           25.3kgm at 2250rpm
Power to weight            82.96bhp per tonne
Torque to weight           19.34kgm per tonne

Transmission
Type                            Front-wheel drive
Gearbox                      Six-speed manual

Dimensions
Length                        4315mm
Width                        1822mm
Height                        1695mm
Wheel base               2673mm
Boot volume               475-litres
Ground clearance        205mm

Chassis & Body
Construction               Five-door, monocoque
Weight                       1308kg
Tyres                          215/65 R16
Spare                         Full size

Suspension
Front                          Independent, MacPherson struts, anti-roll bar
Rear                           Non-independent, torsion beam axle, anti-roll bar

Steering
Type                          Rack and pinion
Type of power           assist  Electro-hydraulic
Turning circle             10.4m

Brakes
Front                         Ventilated discs
Rear                          Drums
Anti-lock                   Yes

Performance
0-20  1.23
0-40  2.64
0-60  4.72
0-80  7.81
0-100  11.88
0-120  17.65
0-140  27.74

Economy
City  11.8kpl
Highway  17kpl
Tank size  50-litres

Range at a glance - Engines
Petrol  1.6 petrol 102.5bhp Rs. 7.19-8.19 lakh
Diesel  1.5 diesel 84bhp Rs. 7.99-9.99 lakh and 1.5 diesel 108.5bhp Rs. 9.99-11.29 lakh


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