Two students of School of Planning and Architecture (SPA), Bhopal, have tested positive for swine flu and 28 other students with cold and cough symptoms, suspected to be infected with H1N1, have been isolated and are being monitored regularly in an interval of two hours.
Of 28 students, 27 have been diagnosed with influenza A and one with influenza B.
SPA registrar Rajesh Moza said that 45 students had gone to attend a student convention in Chennai. He said the students hailed from different parts of India.
"When they returned last Friday, 30 of them were having cold and cough symptoms. Two male students who went to Delhi to their families, have tested positive for swine flu over there. In case of the 28 students, we first took them to Chirayu Hospital, where doctors after preliminary investigation advised us that we should take them to Hamidia Hospital, which has the expertise to treat swine flu cases," he said.
Moza said that of the 28 students, eight were girls. He said a girl with category B influenza had been sent to her family.
Moza said that when they took the students to Hamidia hospital, doctors there said that they didn’t require to be admitted or tested for swine flu as they fell under category A, which required the patients to be isolated and monitored.
"Only one girl was put under Category B. We have called her local guardian. We have also called the parents of all the students in case they want to take them home and take care of them on their own," he said.
Moza said they have isolated the students in the hostels and their condition was being monitored on a regular basis.
When HT spoke to Hamidia Hospital medical superintendent Dr DK Pal, he said there was no need to panic.
"The students have Category A influenza symptoms and according to the protocol, they have been asked to be isolated and monitored. At present, they don't need to be admitted or tested for swine flu. Only if their condition deteriorates, fever rises and they suffer from respiratory distress, they need to be tested for swine flu," he said.
A, B and C of swine flu
Category-A: Patients with mild fever plus cough/sore throat with or without body ache, headache, diarrhoea and vomiting are put under category A. They do not require Oseltamivir. They should be monitored for their progress and reassessed at 24 to 48 hours by the doctor. No testing of the patient for H1N1 is required. Patients should confine themselves at home and avoid mixing up with public
Category-B: In addition to symptoms under Category-A, if the patient has high grade fever and severe sore throat, he may require home isolation and Oseltamivir. For this category also, no tests for H1N1 is required. Patients should confine themselves at home and avoid mixing with public and high risk members in the family.
Category-C: In addition to symptoms of Category-A and B, if the patient feels breathlessness, chest pain, drowsiness, fall in blood pressure, sputum mixed with blood, bluish discolouration of nails, he or she is put Category C and needs testing, immediate hospitalisation and treatment.