Hailstorms and rain that wrecked large-scale damage to Rabi crops in 2014-15 could not affect the food grain production in Madhya Pradesh. The state recorded 32.19% increase in food grain production during the period to bag the Union government’s Krishi Karman Award for registering highest growth in the food grain sector in 2014-15.
Madhya Pradesh produced 320.43 lakh metric tonnes (MT) food grain in 2014-15, with wheat production at 178 lakh MT constituting the major chunk. Food grain production in 2013-14 stood at 242.40 lakh MT.
The Krishi Karman Award would be presented to the state government along with Rs 5 crore in February.
The state had previously won Krishi Karman for highest growth in food grain category in 2011-12 and 2012-13, while it won the Krishi Karman for highest increase in wheat production in 2013-14.
The state has recorded a growth of 20.11 % in the agriculture sector in 2014-15 as per the advance estimates. The figure could go down by three to four per cent when the quick estimates--figures from a later assessment--are obtained.
In 2013-14, the advance estimates had pegged agriculture growth at 24.99%, which was later revised to 22.11% after the quick estimates were obtained.
So how does Madhya Pradesh continue to record massive growth in food grain production even though extensive damage was reported to Rabi crops that constitute almost 70% of the production?
“A total of about 3,000 villages in the state or about 50,000 hectares of area, out of the almost 113 lakh hectares under cultivation, were adversely affected by rain and hail in the 2014-15 rabi season. However, the drop in temperature, as a result of the rain, provided conducive conditions for ripening of wheat and eventually helped boost wheat production,” said principal secretary, agriculture, Rajesh Rajora.
Wheat constitutes the major bulk of food grain production in the state. In 2013-14 wheat production stood at 171 lakh MT, which increased to 178 lakh MT in 2014-15.