One out of 12 people in Madhya Pradesh is suffering either from deadly Hepatitis B or C, say doctors.
Hepatitis is a chronic liver infection and inflammation caused by a virus. Five types of the hepatitis have been detected so far. They are caused by five different viruses and hence the names hepatitis A, B, C, D, E, doctors say.
The A and E types are short term infections. But, the B and C types are long-term infections which cause chronic hepatitis, they say.
Hepatitis B and C are riskier and dangerous as the virus directly attacks the liver and damages the tissues and even causes liver cancer. “Hepatitis B has vaccination but it’s not really curable. Hepatitis C is curable but there is no vaccine for it. They are both dangerous. Since there are no symptoms of Hepatitis, it is left undetected among patients until the virus completely damages the liver.
In Bhopal, only 57% children get Hepatitis B vaccines and many are unaware about the medicine which can treat Hepatitis C”, says Gopal Krishna, MD medicine, Hamidia Hospital.
“A blood test is the only way to detect it. The treatment for Hepatitis C is now simple and affordable with oral tablets clearing the infection in three to six months, Krishna said.
“In the past years, we had detected 3900 Hepatitis B patients and 390 Hepatitis C patients when they came to donate blood at the blood bank in district hospitals. We organize a camp on every world Hepatitis Day, for which we hire Fibroscan from an outside agency. Hepatitis is curable in the initial stage, later it might also develop into lung cancer. Hence we are trying to make the masses aware of the deadly infection through camps,” said RK Jain, professor Gastroenterology, Gandhi Medical College.
World Hepatitis Day
The Research and Scientific society of GMC has organised a free camp to bring awareness among people about the disease on the World Hepatitis Day which falls on July 28 . The free check-up will be conducted on every Monday from now onwards at Hamidia Hospital.
Causes of Hepatitis
Hepatitis A and E are normally contracted from eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. Hepatitis B, C, and D are contracted through contaminated blood. These forms of hepatitis can either be acute or chronic. Types B and C usually become chronic.
Hepatitis A is most commonly transmitted by consuming food or water contaminated by feces from a person infected with hepatitis A.
Hepatitis B is transmitted through puncture wounds or contact with infectious body fluids, such as blood, saliva, or semen. Injection, drug use, having sex with an infected partner, or sharing razors with an infected person increase your risk of getting hepatitis B.
Hepatitis C is transmitted through direct contact with infected body fluids, typically through injection drug use and sexual contact.
Hepatitis D is contracted through puncture wounds or contact with infected blood. Hepatitis D is a rare form of hepatitis that occurs in conjunction with hepatitis B infection.
Hepatitis E is a waterborne disease mainly found in areas with poor sanitation and is typically caused by ingesting fecal matter.
Things to avoid
Using the same syringe for injecting drugs
Transfusion of infected blood