1601 or 1603? New research says Shakespeare’s Hamlet was dated incorrectly
Until recently, academics believed that Shakespeare wrote Hamlet in early 1601, when Elizabeth I was still on the throne. New research claims the playwright may have written the play in 1603 to win the favour of the newly crowned James I.books Updated: Jan 02, 2017 17:53 IST
William Shakespeare’s popular play Hamlet was dated wrongly, causing scholars to overlook a message that has hidden in plain sight for centuries, new research has claimed.
Until recently, academics believed that Shakespeare wrote Hamlet in early 1601, when Elizabeth I was still on the throne after more than 42 years. Researchers have found that this is the wrong date and that the Bard did not produce the finished version for another two years.
According to them, Shakespeare may have used the play to win the favour of the newly crowned James I in 1603.
In 1603, Shakespeare would have been working on his play immediately after the coronation of James I and after the death of his own father, John, in late 1601.
The story of an old regime giving way to a fresh new ruler from a neighbouring country seems to be an intentional reference to James VI of Scotland assuming power in England after Elizabeth’s death, Gary Taylor, a research professor at Florida State University in the US told ‘The Times’.
Fortinbras, the Norwegian king who takes power in Denmark after the death of Claudius and Hamlet at the end of the play, was intended as a direct parallel to James I, Taylor said.
The need to flatter the king would have been especially important because one of James’s first acts was to appoint Shakespeare’s acting company, the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, as his own official players, allowing them to rename themselves the King’s Men.
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