Fidel Castro had prior knowledge that US President John F Kennedy was about to be killed, according to a new book by retired CIA analyst.
Rumours about the Cuban leaders involvement in a plot to murder his fierce adversary have swirled for almost half a century since communist sympathiser Lee Harvey Oswald shot the US president during a trip to Dallas in November 1963.
Now author Brian Latell, who studied Cuban affairs as a CIA analyst in the 1960s and later became the agencys chief intelligence officer for Latin America, says he is certain that Castro at least knew the attack was going to happen.
On the morning of November 22, 1963, the day Kennedy was killed, Castro ordered a senior intelligence officer in Havana to stop listening for non-specific CIA radio communications and concentrate instead on any little detail, any small detail from Texas, Latell claims in his new book Castros Secrets the CIA and Cubas Intelligence Machine, set for release next month.
Four hours later, the airwaves came alive with news that Kennedy was dead.
Latell also claims that Castro was aware that Oswald, who had been denied a visa to visit Cuba at the countrys embassy in Mexico City, told staff there that he was going to murder Kennedy to prove his allegiance to the communist cause.
Fidel knew of Oswalds intentions and did nothing to deter the act, the Daily Mail quoted Latell as saying in his book.
In an interview published in The Miami Herald, the author, now a respected senior lecturer on Cuba at the University of Miami, says he discovered the information in interviews with former Cuban intelligence officers, backed up by declassified US government documents.
I dont say Fidel Castro ordered the assassination, I dont say Oswald was under his control. He might have been, but I dont argue that, because I was unable to find any evidence for that, he said.
[But] everything I write is backed up by documents and on-the-record sources.
Did Fidel want Kennedy dead? Yes. He feared Kennedy. And he knew Kennedy was gunning for him. In Fidels mind, he was probably acting in self-defence, he added.
He interviewed former Cuban intelligence officer Fiorentino Aspillaga Lombard, who defected to the US in 1987. He told the author that he informed the CIA at his debriefing that Castro personally issued the order to listen specifically for anything about Texas.
The claim that Castro was aware of Oswalds promise to Cuban embassy officials that he was going to murder Kennedy comes from several sources, including a former FBI informant and superspy Jack Childs, who penetrated the dictators inner circle.
Childs said that the Cuban premier told him that Oswald stormed into the embassy, demanded the visa, and when it was refused to him headed out saying, Im going to kill Kennedy for this.
Meanwhile, Castro was claiming publicly that Oswalds visit to the embassy was a minor matter that had not been noticed by senior officials in Havana.
Subsequent investigations by the US security agencies, and the official Warren Commission inquiry into Kennedys assassination, looked at Castros possible involvement but concluded that Oswald was a lone gunman acting independently.