In 1857, the lavishly wealthy 330-year-old subcontinental Mughal empire was conquered by British imperialists who created their own empire. The British followed the maxim that conquered land belonged to the conqueror. So over the next decades, ships laden with booty crossed the seas to transfer untold riches to Britain. The name of the conquered land was Anglicised from Persian to English as India.
Sujoy Gupta is a business historian and corporate biographer.