In the whole world, south Asia is the region with the maximum gender disparity in full-time employment, a poll by Gallup has found.
Against the 36% for men, just 10% of south Asian women had full-time jobs in 2012, according to Gallup. The polling and market research firm found that the gender disparity in employment in south Asia — including India, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Sri Lanka — was more than the global average.
In every region of the world, men surpass women when it comes to having a “good job” — that is, full-time work for an employer, or what Gallup refers to as the Payroll to Population (P2P) employment rate. Worldwide, the P2P for men is 34%; it is 18% for women.
Women are least likely to be in the workforce in South Asia, West Asia and North Africa, with fewer than one in four participating, the poll found.
P2P rates are highest for men and women in Northern America and non-European Union parts of Europe (Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, and Northern Cyprus), but surprisingly, gender gaps are wide in these regions as well.
“But, though women’s full time employment trails men’s most in N America and in non-EU European nations (Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, and Northern Cyprus) those two regions are among the top three where women are most likely to be in the workforce,” said the poll which interviewed 224,975 adults across 140 countries and areas.
Gallup’s P2P metric estimates the %age of the adult population aged 15 or more who are employed full time for an employer for at least 30 hours per week. The P2P rate is %age of the entire adult population with good jobs, not just those who are in the workforce.