Budget highlights: Jaitley cracks down on black money, delays cut in fiscal deficit | business | Hindustan Times
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Budget highlights: Jaitley cracks down on black money, delays cut in fiscal deficit

business Updated: Feb 28, 2015 19:27 IST
Reuters
Highlight Story

Finance minister Arun Jaitley on Saturday announced a budget aimed at high growth, saying the pace of cutting the fiscal deficit would slow as he seeks to boost investment and ensure that ordinary people benefit.

Here are the highlights of Jaitley's budget for the fiscal year that begins on April 1.

Fiscal deficit
* Fiscal deficit seen at 3.9% of GDP in 2015/16
* Will meet the challenging fiscal target of 4.1% of GDP
* Remain committed to meeting medium term fiscal deficit target of 3% of GDP
* Current account deficit below 1.3% of GDP
* Jaitley says have to keep fiscal discipline in mind despite need for higher investment

Growth
* GDP growth seen at between 8% and 8.5% y/y
* Nominal economic growth seen between 11 and 12%
* Aiming double digit growth rate, achievable soon

Inflation
* Expects consumer inflation to remain close to 5% by March, opening room for more monetary policy easing
* Monetary policy framework agreement with the RBI clearly states objective of keeping inflation below 6%
* "One of the achievements of my government has been to conquer inflation. This decline in my view represents a structural shift."

Revenues
* Revenue deficit seen at 2.8% of GDP
* Non tax revenue seen at 2.21 trillion rupees
* Agricultural incomes are under stress
* Net receipts under market stabilisation scheme estimated at 200 billion rupees

Disinvestment
* Government targets Rs 410 billion ($6.7 billion) from stake sales in companies in 2015/16
* Total stake sale in 2015/16 seen at 695 billion rupees
* Sets stake sale target for 2016/17 at 550 billion rupees
* Revises down stake sale target for 2014/15 to 313.5 billion rupees

Market reforms
* Propose to merge commodities regulator with SEBI
* To bring a new bankruptcy code
* Jaitley says will move to amend the RBI act this year, and provide for a monetary policy committee
* To set up public debt management agency
* Proposes to introduce a public contract resolution of disputes bill
* To establish an autonomous bank board bureau to improve management of public sector banks

Policy reforms
* To enact a comprehensive new law on black money
* Propose to create a universal social security system for all Indians
* To launch a national skills mission soon to enhance employability of rural youth
* To raise visa-on-arrival facility to 150 countries from 43
* Allocates 346.99 billion rupees for rural employment guarantee scheme
* Raises threshold for application of transfer pricing rules to 200 million rupees from current 50 million rupees

Borrowing
* Gross market borrowing seen at Rs 6 trillion
* Net market borrowing seen at Rs 4.56 trillion

General Anti-Avoidance Rules (GAAR)
* Government defers rollout of anti-tax avoidance rules GAAR by two years
* GAAR to apply prospectively from April 1, 2017
* Retrospective tax provisions will be avoided

Taxation
* To abolish wealth tax
* Replaces wealth tax with additional 2 pct surcharge on super rich
* Proposes to cut to 25% corporate tax over next four years
* Corporate tax of 30% is uncompetitive
* Net gain from tax proposals seen at 150.68 billion rupees
* Jaitley proposes modification of permanent establishment norms so that the mere presence of a fund manager in India would not constitute a permanent establishment of the offshore fund, resulting in adverse tax consequences.
* Proposes to rationalise capital gains tax regime for real estate investment trusts
* Extends withholding tax concession on foreign debt purchases by two years
* Expects to implement goods and services tax by April 2016
* To reduce custom duty on 22 items
* Basic custom duty on commercial vehicle doubled to 20%
* Proposes to increase service tax rate and education cess to 14% from 12.36%
* Plans to introduce direct tax regime that is internationally competitive on rates without exemptions
* Exemptions for individual tax payers to continue
* To enact tough penalties for tax evasion in new bill
* Tax dept to clarify indirect transfer of assets and dividend paid by foreign firms

Personal income tax
* No revision of income tax brackets
* Limit of deduction of health insurance premium increased to Rs 25,000 from Rs 15,000; limit increased to Rs 30,000 from Rs 20,000 for the elderly
* People aged above 80 and not covered by health insurance to be allowed deduction of Rs 30,000 for medical expenses
* Additional deduction of Rs 25,000 rupees for the disabled
* Limit on deduction for contributions to pension fund and new pension scheme increased to Rs 150,000 from Rs 100,000
* Additional deduction of Rs 50,000 for contribution to new pension scheme under section 80CCD
* Monthly transport allowance exemption doubled to Rs 1,600

Import tax
* Import tax on iron and steel increased to 15% from 10%
* Import tax on metallurgical coke increased to 5% from 2.5%

Infrastructure
* Investment in infrastructure will go up by 700 bln rupees in 2015/16 over last year
* Plans to set up national investment infrastructure fund
* Proposes tax-free infrastructure bonds for projects in roads, rail and irrigation projects
* Proposes 5 "ultra mega" power projects for 4,000 MW each
* Second unit of Kudankulam nuclear power station to be commissioned
* Will need to build additional 100,000 km of road
* Ports in public sector will be encouraged to corporatise under Companies Act

Expenditure
* Plan expenditure estimated at about Rs 4.65 trillion
* Non-plan expenditure seen at about Rs 13.12 trillion
* Allocates Rs 2.46 trillion for defence spending
* Allocates Rs 331.5 billion for health sector
* If revenue improves, hope to raise budgeted allocations for rural job scheme by Rs 50 billion

Investment
* Government to provide Rs 79.4 billion capital infusion to state-run banks
* Propose to do away with different types of foreign investment caps and replace them with composite caps
* To allow foreign investment in alternative investment funds
* Public investment needed to catalyse investment

Gold
* To launch gold deposit accounts and sovereign bond
* Import duty stays at 10%; disappoints jewellers
* To work on Indian-made gold coin to cut imports

Cigarettes
* Raises excise duty on cigarettes by 25% for cigarettes of length not exceeding 65 mm
* Raises excise duty by 15% for cigarettes of other lengths

Subsidies
* Food subsidy seen at Rs 1.24 trillion
* Fertiliser subsidy seen at Rs 729.69 billion
* Fuel subsidy seen at Rs 300 billion
* Major subsidies estimated at Rs 2.27 trillion
* We are committed to subsidy rationalisation based on cutting leakages

Finance minister's comments
* "We inherited a sentiment of doom and gloom. The investment community had almost written us off. We have come a long way since then."
* "We have turned around the economy, dramatically restoring macroeconomic stability and creating the conditions for sustainable poverty elimination, job creation, durable double digit economic growth."
* "While being mindful of the challenges ... this gives us reason to feel optimistic."
* "Domestic and international investors are seeing us with renewed interest and hope."

Modi on Twitter
* 2015 Budget will further reignite our growth engine, signalling the dawn of a prosperous future.
* Budget is investment friendly & removes all doubts on tax issues. It assures investors that we have a stable, predictable & fair tax system.

Market reaction
* BSE index gains 0.48%; NSE index up 0.65%
* ITC slumps after budget hikes excise duty on cigarettes
($1 = Rs 61.6489)

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