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Rupert Murdoch's 21st Century Fox Inc said on Wednesday that Time Warner Inc had rebuffed its offer to buy the company, but people familiar with his thinking say he is determined to bring the US media conglomerate into his empire.
Time Warner's stock rose 16.9% to $82.99 on the New York Stock Exchange after news that Murdoch had his sights on Time Warner, the owner of media properties including the Warner Bros. movie studio and cable channels such as HBO and CNN.
Shares of Fox, which owns a broadcast network and the Fox News cable news channel as well as movie studio 20th Century Fox, were down 4.7% at $33.52.
"The way they think about this deal is offensive" in nature, said one person close to the situation, referring to Murdoch and Fox. "It's a chance to put some great programming and content assets under one umbrella."
The offer, first reported by The New York Times, consisted of 60% in stock and the rest in cash, Time Warner said in a statement confirming its rebuff. That would have valued the bid at about $80 billion, or $85 per share, when it was made in June.
Twenty-First Century Fox, which later confirmed it had made a formal takeover proposal, said no talks were currently under way.
Even so, Murdoch and his advisers are unlikely to abandon the pursuit, a second person close to the situation said, pointing out that he has the "disciplined determination" to get a deal done.
Fox estimates that a combined company, which would have $60 billion in annual revenue, would save $1 billion in costs and possibly more, primarily by cutting sales staff and back-office functions, the people familiar with the matter said.
They said detailed negotiations with Time Warner could reveal much higher synergies than $1 billion, which may then justify sweetening the offer.
A deal may win the blessing of many of Time Warner's shareholders, a majority of whom also own Fox's non-voting stock.
Fox has no desire to go hostile or to bid against itself with a higher offer, the people familiar with the matter said.
The deal makes a lot of sense for Time Warner shareholders, said Ken Griffin, founder and chief executive officer of Citadel Investments Group, which owns shares in both companies.
Speaking at a conference in New York, Griffin said there was no controlling shareholder in Time Warner, meaning the company could easily go into play. "It's going to be tough to say no," he said.
Seeking dance partners
More broadly, Fox's overtures could accelerate a wave of consolidation that is already reshaping the media landscape.
In the United States, Comcast Corp, the largest US cable provider, offered in February to buy Time Warner Cable Inc for $45.2 billion in stock. Overseas, Fox's 39%-owned British Sky Broadcasting Group Plc is negotiating to buy Fox's Sky Italia and its Sky Deutschland subsidiary in a deal that could net Fox as much as $13 billion.
As a consequence of the Murdoch bid, "the urgency to find a dance partner will increase across the sector," said Bernstein Research analyst Todd Juenger. "Nobody wants to be the company that gets left out of the consolidation wave, and companies would rather control their own destinies."
US media shares were broadly higher on the deal, with top gainers including Discovery Communications Inc, up 7.8%, Viacom Inc, 4.3%; and AMC Networks Inc, 4.4%.
Content is king
Reuters reported this month that Murdoch was in the midst of a deal that would give Fox the firepower to buy a content company.
In fact, Murdoch started thinking about a potential merger with Time Warner as he was separating 21 Century Fox, which mostly consists of media properties, from News Corp, which focuses on the Wall Street Journal and other publishing assets, people familiar with the company said.
The division, triggered by a phone-hacking scandal at some of Murdoch's British tabloids and completed a year ago, has positioned Fox to become a powerful consolidator of media properties.
Fox has indicated it would sell the CNN cable channel, a direct competitor of Fox News, as part of its proposal to buy Time Warner to clear any regulatory hurdles, according to the people familiar with the matter.
At least one antitrust expert, who was not authorized to speak publicly, said it was unlikely that any issues that arise that would kill a Fox deal for Time Warner. The source said there were currently five major content companies in the United States, plus numerous smaller ones.
News of the Time Warner bid comes as Fox is reorganizing its television business, aiming to lift its network out of last place among the big US broadcasters.
Fox is being advised by Goldman Sachs and Centerview Partners, while Time Warner is working with Citigroup, people familiar with the matter said.
Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom is providing legal advice to Fox, while Cravath, Swaine & Moore is legal adviser to Time Warner.