Four years after the Mumbai attack, the face of terrorism has changed considerably in Jammu and Kashmir. It exposed the links of terrorist outfit Lashker-e-Taiba with dreaded al-Qaeda and forced Pakistan to lock up its leading players, which helped in reducing violence in the state.
"The attack had manifold affect. It exposed the links of LeT with ISI and al-qaeda and brought it under international scanner. It helped in downward trend of terrorism violence because of international pressure on Pakistan," DGP Ashok Parsad told the HT.
There has been a 40% drop in level of violence post 2008. In 2008, at least 385 terrorists incidents took place and 240 terrorists were killed. In 2012 till Nov, the incidents have gone down to 110 and the number of terrorists killed is 55.
LeT is one the major terrorist outfits in the state, controlled directly by its handlers in Pakistan and had been involved in number of dreaded attacks in the state and in the rest of the country.
"Pakistan had formed LeT after Hizbul Mujihadeen showed interests in talks with the Centre. LeT has pan-Islamic ideology and it's one the major terrorists outfits. After 26/11, it got into dock and it helped in improving the situation, though our own counter-terrorism operations also got more effective," said the DGP.
The incidents, which brought terrorism in India to international scope, had affected in waning away sympathy of terrorists in the state.
"It affected in removing residual sympathy for terrorism in Kashmir. The incident also forced both Pakistan and separatists to start pursuing dialogue process rather than using terrorism as an instrument for their supposed cause," said Prof Gul Mohammad Wani.
The level of violence was going down after revival of political process in the state in 1996 but the Mumbai attack is believed to have stepped up this process. However, some believe, though India was successful in pushing Pakistan to the dock with its coercive diplomacy but it shifted the focus out of the Kashmir.
"It affected Indo-Pak peace process considerably when it was at its peak. Now that it has picked up again, Jammu and Kashmir is not the focus. The Kashmir centric Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) have been sidelined," said PDP spokesperson Nayeem Akhar.
The dreaded terrorist act also made terrorists and other forces to think twice before banking on Pakistan as law is catching up there with the perpetrators of the incidents .
"The face of terrorism changed in the state due to host of factors. But Yes, the Mumbai attack did play a major role," said the DGP.