To mark World Hypertension Day, Max Super Specialty Hospital (MSSH), SAS Nagar, organised a health talk on hypertension on Saturday.
Dr Sumit Khetarpal, senior consultant, internal medicine, and Dr Amit Gupta, senior consultant, interventional cardiology, MSSH, clarified several myths of hypertension.
They said due to changing lifestyles and increased work-related stress 45% of the city's current population suffer from high BP.
According to latest research, the number of hypertension cases has doubled in Chandigarh in the past 30 years, said Dr Khetarpal. Rise in sedentary lifestyle, lack of physical activity, high intake of fat, obesity, alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet, smoking and increased work pressure were the major predisposing factors of hypertension.
Terming it a silent killer, Dr Khetarpal said unchecked high BP could damage heart, kidneys, brain and blood vessels. Essentially the disease was asymptomatic, but in some patients it might produce headache, breathlessness and light headedness. The only way to detect it was to get it measured, he addeed.
"Those above 20 years should get their BP checked. Diabetic patients should regularly monitor their BP to reduce the chances of damage of organs. Women, who have high BP during pregnancy, should always be on a doctor's prescription,"Dr Khetarpal.
Dr Gupta educated on the ill effects on high BP on heart. "Persistent hypertension was one of the primary risk factors for heart failure, myocardial infarction, stroke, arterial aneurysm and chronic kidney failure.
5 myths associated with hypertension:
Headache: Researchers have shown that the incidences of headaches among the high BP patients are quite less compared to the people with normal BP.
Nose bleeding: It can take place because of a number of internal and external factors.
Blood spot in eyes: High BP is not the only cause blood spots in eyes but can cause damage to the optic nerve system.
Facial flushing: High BP can also cause facial flushing or redness of the face, but not necessarily.
Dizziness: Most commonly, dizziness observed in general population may be due to cervical spondylosis. However, sudden dizziness and trouble walking can be the symptom of stroke.
BP Control - Dos & Don'ts
Ø Lifestyle changes
Ø Shed-off weight from belly
Ø Get your muscles toned-up
Ø Eat healthy
Ø Cut off the high intake of sodium
Ø Say no to alcohol