A workshop on ‘Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) and Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm (TAA)’ was organised at a city hotel on Thursday.
Dr Ravul Jindal, director, vascular and endovascular surgery, Fortis Hospital, SAS Nagar, discussed the symptoms, risk factors, causes and treatment options.
“An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a bulge/balloon that forms in the wall of the abdominal aorta. Over time, this bulge in the aorta can become weak, and the force of normal blood pressure can cause it to rupture. This can lead to severe pain and massive internal bleeding, or haemorrhage that can be life threatening,” he said.
Dr Jindal added, “An AAA looks like a permanent localised dilation with a diameter at least twice the normal diameter of the given segment of aorta. Most common complaint that potential patients of AAA come with is a vague abdominal pain or constant throbbing.”
AAA incidence increased with age and occurred 4-5 times more frequently in males as compared to females. Up to 50% of patients with untreated aneurysms which were greater than 5.5 cm would die of rupture in a five-year period, he said.