The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India has found implementation of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) to be faulty in Panchkula district with shortage of primary school teachers but surplus staff in upper primary, delay in free textbook distribution, surrender of civil works by schools and uselessness of ‘Bhatta Pathshalas’.
The report, which analysed Panchkula district, along with other six districts of the state from 2008-2013, was tabled in Haryana assembly on As per the CAG report, there are 283 primary schools with entitlement of 1,107 teachers in Panchkula. But there are only 616 teachers posted and 491 posts remain vacant. However, in case of upper primary teachers, against the sanctioned strength of 606 teachers for 143 upper primary schools, 692 teachers are posted. Eighty-six teachers, hence, are surplus.
FREE TEXT BOOKS DELAYED
The manual on financial management and procurement (MFMP) stipulates that free text books will be provided to all children of government schools, local body schools, governmentaided schools and madarsas before the start of each academic session in April. However, in Panchkula, in 2008-09 and 200910, there was a delay of two to seven months in distributing textbooks. In 2010-11, the delay was of two-three months, in 201112, it was of three to five months and in 2012-13, the delay was of three to seven months.
ALLOTMENT OF WORKS WITHOUT PLANNING-
As per CAG findings, 116 classrooms-69 primary and 47 upper primary sections-in Panchkula district required repair works.
Funds for civil works were surrendered during 2008-13 on the grounds that no demand was submitted to the district project coordinator (DPC); low enrollment of students in schools and non-availability of land. In this period, 358 works to be conducted but 34 of them were surrendered about Rs 54 lakh.
The CAG said DPC had not “conducted proper survey” to “assess the requirement/viability” for execution of civil works.
According to the report, Government Middle School (boys), Sector 4, MDC, Panchkula was allocated Rs 79.65 lakh for construction of new hostel building. “Construction of new hostel building in Panchkula had not yet been started (March 2013) due to non-receipt of NOC (no objection certificate) from Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA). Funds were released by the Haryana School Shiksha Pariyojna Parishad without ascertaining title of the land resulting in blocking of funds with DPC, Panchkula,” the report said. Haryana School Shiksha Pariyojna Parishad is implanting authority for SSA.
In Panchkula, provision was made for the education of children of brick-kiln workers by establishing bhatta-pathshalas at or in their vicinity.
As per guidelines, children, enrolled in bhatta-pathshalas, were required to be evaluated at the end of the session and migration certificates were also required to be issued to these children as per their learning levels for facilitating their mainstreaming in formal schools at their place of origin.
As per CAG findings, in Panchkula, a total of 1,407 students were found in the survey and all were enrolled for bhattapathshalas during 2010-11 and Rs 10.31 lakh was spent.
The CAG found that the “report of mainstreaming has been shown ‘nil’. It added, “Despite poor performance of centres, the DPCs had not initiated any action for recovery of the disbursed amount. Besides, the objective of the scheme remained unachieved to a large extent. The Haryana School Shiksha Pariyojna Parishad stated (January 2014) that the strategy in this regard had been changed and no bhattapathshalas would be opened in future. The reply was not convincing as no action had been taken for poor performance.”
WHAT CAG RECOMMENDED:
1. Preparation of district plans after conducting proper survey and obtaining data from village level.
2.Implementation of all the interventions of target groups in a planned manner to avoid savings.
3.Regular preparation of bank reconciliation statements; and activating the vigilance mehchanism to avoid cases of sub-standard execution of works and unfruitful expenditure in execution of words.