Cancer: Haryana, HP no less affected than Punjab

  • Vishav Bharti, Hindustan Times, Chandigarh
  • Updated: Feb 20, 2015 12:49 IST

A new report on cancer cases has shown that Punjab is not worse affected by the disease compared to neighbouring states of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.

According to the yet-to-be-released Hospital-Based Cancer Registry, prepared by the Regional Cancer Centre at the Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, of the around 18,000 fresh cases of cancer reported at the centre in three years (2011 to 2013), about 6,000 (33%) were from Punjab, around 4,000 (21%) from Haryana and about 3,000 (15%) from Himachal Pradesh.

According to experts at PGIMER, there is not much variation in the number of these fresh cancer cases from the three states, going by the population proportion.

The district-wise figures in the report show that the maximum number of cases in Punjab were reported from SAS Nagar and Patiala districts. Experts say that this is due to these districts' proximity to Chandigarh. Similar is the case with Haryana, where the maximum cases were reported from Panchkula and Ambala districts. In Himachal, most of the cases were reported from Kangra and Mandi districts.

The number of new cancer patients witnessed an almost 10% annual increase at the regional centre.

The study has found that the disease is more prevalent among males (55%) than females (45%). The registry also found that average age of cancer patients was 52 years among males and 62 among females.

About 8% of the cases were of children who sought treatment for cancer at the centre. Among children, leukemia was the most common cancer. About 10.2% of the cases were reported from the age group of 15-34 years.

The Punjab government has so far given help to around 20,000 cancer patients under the Mukh Mantri Punjab Cancer Rahat Kosh Scheme.

Year Fresh cancer cases
2011 5,544
2012 5,907
2013 6,617

Types of cancer

As per the study, lung cancer is the most prevalent among males (10.9%), followed by oral cancer (10.7%). Among females, breast cancer (20.3%) is most common, followed by cervix cancer (15.4%).

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