The role of El Nino and its impact on weather extremes were highlighted on the third day of Tropmet 2015, a national symposium on weather and climate extremes, at Panjab University (PU).
Organised by Indian Meteorological Society in collaboration with PU and Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment, the symposium aimed to discuss wide-ranging topics related to weather and climate extremes.The four-day event would conclude on Wednesday.
Japanese expert Saji Hameed from University of Aizu highlighted the importance of the Indian Ocean and its temperatures in predicting the behavior and occurrence of El Nino event, a parameter which is excluded in most calculations.
"This ocean has special relevance for the Indian weather conditions and the monsoon in particular," he added.
PU fellow Professor Rajesh Gill delivered a lecture on the interface between climate change and society. She emphasised on the need to incorporate social scientists in climate change studies as societal behavior determines the accelerated rate of climate change. Several factors including the way of life, high carbon economy and cultural norms had bearings on the changing climatic conditions, she said.
Prof Atul Sachdeva, director principal of Government Medical College and Hospital (GMCH), Sector 32, highlighted the ramifications of climate change on human health. He talked about mortality and the various diseases common in extreme cold and hot climatic conditions.
Thara Parbhakar from Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, talked about the role of aerosol in determining the level precipitation in Indo Gangetic plain, through aerial survey.
Vinayak Sinha from Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, SAS Nagar, highlighted the chemical dynamics of climate change and emphasised on the need to incorporate chemists in climate change studies.