The Himachal Pradesh government's allocation under the tribal sub-plan has increased to Rs 395.47 crore during the current financial year, as against Rs 9 crore spent in 1974-1975.
Stating this here, a government spokesperson said that the tribal areas, which were once most backward and had nothing to show in the name of development, now have a vast network of roads, educational and health institutions and other basic facilities.
He said that there were 579 primary schools, 102 middle schools, 47 high schools, 73 senior secondary schools, four degree colleges, five ITIs, two civil hospitals, 10 community health centres, 43 primary health centres and 104 sub-centers in the government sector.
He further said that there were five Ayurvedic hospitals, 70 Ayurvedic dispensaries, 47 veterinary hospitals, 130 veterinary dispensaries and 2,584 km of motorable roads and 100% electrified villages.
"The state government has announced opening and upgradation of more educational, health and other institutions, besides giving thrust on provision of roads, irrigation schemes and other civic amenities during the current year," he said.
The size of 12th Plan (2012-17) has been fixed at Rs 2,052 crore. Ever since the beginning of tribal sub-plan, the government has so far spent Rs 4,203.35 crore under this plan.
Accelerating the socio-economic development, he said, the consistent efforts of the state government have brought fruitful results as the tribal areas of the state are now equal to other areas in terms of economic growth, development and prosperity which are evident from various indicators.
The tribal areas constitute 42.49% of the total area of the state and per census 2011; the scheduled areas constitute 2.53% of the total area of the state. The tribal areas have a literacy rate of 77.10 % and sex ratio of 1,018 in Scheduled Tribe (ST) population which is far better than the average sex ratio in the state, which is 972. As per the government record, the tribal sub?plan, covering the majority of scheduled tribes, was started in 1974-75 and by 1987-88, the entire ST population was brought under the ambit of the sub-plan. The adoption of single consolidated demand in the annual budget and introduction of single line administration in the Integrated Tribal Development Projects (ITDPs) have been outstanding achievement of the state in furtherance to the cause of socio?economic development of tribal community.
Rs 1.62 CR FOR KIRI
The government spokesperson said that tenders have been floated for the construction of permanent alternate route at the furious Kiri nullah in the Pin valley and the state government has already sanctioned a sum of Rs 62.97 lakh for this work, which would start soon.