The Punjab government has launched a scheme of grading of foodgrains and oilseeds in 89 markets of the state.
Under this scheme, wheat, paddy, toria (rape seed), sarson (mustard seed) and sunflower seeds are graded in the market before the auction, an official spokesman said here on Wednesday.
Samples are drawn from heaps of the produce for measuring parameters such as moisture, dust and dirt, trash, weevil led, shrivelled and damaged grains, grains of other varieties, other commodities and foreign matter.
The grade cards are displayed on heaps before the auction.
Grading staff has been trained by the central government, the spokesman said.
The programme includes laboratory analysis of important quality factors of commodities, he said, adding that the buyer would be encouraged to pay to the farmer on the basic of scientific information.
In an effort to ensure better remunerative prices to farmers for their quality produce, the Punjab government has also initiated the cotton grading scheme in the state.
The spokesman said the visual grading scheme had been launched in 25 markets of the state.
He said three modern laboratories had also been set up for the purpose, one each at Rampura Phul, Malout and Muktsar.
Five more laboratories would be set up - at Bathinda, Mansa, Abohar, Kotkapura and Gidderbaha with the help of the technology mission on cotton.
He stated that in these laboratories, quality parameters of cotton, such as fineness, maturity, strength, span length, ginning percentage and trash contents, would be numerically tested. The basic objective of grading is to ensure remunerative price to the producer and refine the quality of the produce for the purchaser.
He said the grade was assigned to the produce (cotton) before its sale so that farmers and purchasers would know its quality so as to fetch better remunerative price commensurate with quality.