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Haryana census report: Illiteracy, sex ratio link debunked

chandigarh Updated: Apr 06, 2011 20:28 IST
Navneet Sharma

A poor sex ratio is often blamed on illiteracy. But this does not seem to hold true in Haryana.

Districts with poor literacy levels have reported the highest sex ratio and child sex ratio in the state, according to the early results of Census 2011.

Mewat district, which is one of the most backward areas of the state, has the worst literacy rate (56.1%) but the state’s highest sex ratio of 906 females per 1,000 males. The sex ratio is way above the overall figure of 877 for the state.

In the 0-6 age group too, the district, dominated by the Meo community, has topped the chart with 903 girls per 1000 boys.

Haryana has the worst child sex ratio of 830 in the country.

Located barely 50 km away from the national capital, Mewat has an abysmally poor literacy rate of 37.6% for females, the lowest in the state, while it is 73% for males.

Neerja Sekhar, director, census operations (Haryana), who released the state’s census data on Tuesday, said provisional population data of Census 2011 pointed towards no relation between literacy levels and sex ratio in the state. “There seems to be an inverse ratio, but this is preliminary data,” she said. “There cannot be any final hypothesis until supplementary data is available. We will do an analysis when it becomes available.”

Fatehabad, Palwal and Sirsa are also among the districts with the lowest literacy rates, but their sex ratios are among the highest in the state. While Fatehabad has the second lowest literacy rate of 69.1%, the sex ratio is 903. Its child sex ratio is 845 girls for 1000 boys, an increase of 17 points over the 2001 Census figures.

Palwal, which has a literacy rate of 70.3%, has the second highest child sex ratio of 862 in the state. Similarly, Sirsa has a sex ratio of 896 with a literacy rate of 70.4%, which is below the average literacy rate of 76.64% for the state.

In the 0-6 age group, Haryana has reported the worst sex ratio of 830 in the country.

Jhajjar, Rewari and Sonepat districts have literacy rates above 80%, but also figure among the districts with the lowest child sex ratio. Jhajjar and Mahendragarh, which has a literacy rate of 78.9%, have the lowest child sex ratios at 774 and 778, respectively, in the entire country.

Jhajjar, Mahendragarh, Rewari and Bhiwani, which are contiguous to each other, have shown a decline in child sex ratio from 2001.

Kurukshetra, which reported the lowest sex ratio in 2001, has seen a 46 point jump from 771 in 2001 to 817.

Likewise, the child ratio in Sirsa has improved by 35 points to 852 and Kaithal by 30 points to 821 in 2011.

Sekhar said that 20 of the 21 districts of the state had a child sex ratio below 880, putting them in the ‘low’ category according to Census norms.

Counting the numbers

Haryana’s population = New Zealand’s + Greece’s + UAE’s + Singapore’s
2.09% share of Haryana’s population in country’s
42,08,517 people have been added to population in 10 years
76.64% literacy rate (up from 67.91% in 2001)
Female literacy rate up by 11.04%

Child sex ratios: How Haryana compares to its neighbours ?

906 Himachal Pradesh
882 Rajasthan
866 Delhi
846 Punjab
830 Haryana