Perturbed over mushrooming teachers’ training institutes across the state, the Haryana government has requested the National Council of Teacher Education (NCTE) not to sanction any new colleges or institutes for primary teachers’ training in the state.
The request has been sent by director, secondary education, ML Kaushik, who has informed the NCTE chairperson, Prof Santosh Panda, that the state government has decided not to recommend any fresh institute or recognition to any new institute for Diploma in Education (DEd) courses or increase in intake capacity of any existing institutes in the state in the coming two years.
The council, which has the authority to sanction new institutes or intake capacity of existing centres for teacher education programmes under the NCTE (Recognition Norms and Procedures) Regulation 2014, has been asked not to entertain any fresh applications.
The aim is to cope with the current lopsided situation where the teachers’ training centres - often referred to as ‘teacher-producing factories’ - are churning out thousands of primary level trained teachers without the matching number of job opportunities in the state. The result is a legion of trained, but unemployed junior basic training (JBT) teachers.
When contacted, Kaushik told HT that the government had written to NCTE because of surplus supply of trained candidates.
“The department has been conveying its position to the council from time to time,” he added. According to available data, the state has 350 primary level teacher training institutes — 327 in the private sector and 21 state-run District Institutes of Education and Training (DIETs) and two Government Elementary Teachers’ Training Institutes (GETTIs).
These teacher education institutes, where students are enrolled for DEd courses after clearing Class 12 examination, churn out roughly 21,000 young men and women with three-year pre-service basic teacher training.
While about 18,000 candidates qualify from the private teacher training institutes, the remaining are from the government-run institutes in different districts.
The number of trained teachers available each year exceeds the requirement of teachers in private and government schools across the state.
In government schools, for instance, the job opportunities are very limited as the number of vacancies floated by the department in the past five years is less than the number of candidates passing out of DEd courses in a single year. At the same time, the number of posts of primary teachers falling vacant due to superannuation is not more than 1,000 each year.
“To become eligible for a JBT teacher’s job, such candidates have to also clear the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) held by the Haryana State Teacher Selection Board (now disbanded) or any other government institution designated by the state from time to time. However, the success rate in TET has been poor,” said an education department official.
Last year, a minuscule 6,800 (0.61%) of the 11 lakh candidates who appeared for TET (primary level) could clear the exam.
In September 2012, 33,100 (2%) of the 16.63 lakh candidates had passed the teacher eligibility test.
The dismal result has raised serious questions about the quality of enrollment, training and competence of those passing out of the teacher training institutes across the state.
Also, the job prospects in government schools are not expected to increase much due to a drop in children enrollment in recent years, as parents have started preferring private schools in rural areas as well.
Already, Haryana is among the states with one of the highest enrollment of children (about 50%) in the age group of 6-14 years in private schools as per the Annual Status of Education Report (Rural) 2014 survey report released last month.
Though jobs are available in private schools also, there are serious problems pertaining to selection process, eligibility criteria, low salaries, job security and entitlements there. email@example.com
A look into the problem and the backdrop
Problem: An oversupply of teachers with three-year pre-service basic teacher training has made the state a tough job market. The recruitment of JBT teachers for government schools, marred by scandals and delays, has only compounded the problem.
Numbers: Thousands of young men and women with D Ed are unemployed with 350-odd teacher education institutes producing 21,000-odd more trained candidates each year. Mahendergarh district has the highest 43 DEd colleges, followed by Bhiwani (34), Rohtak (32), Hisar (27), Sonepat and Rewari (24 each) and Panipat (22). Mewat has the least number of colleges in the state.
Intervention: Having allowed proliferation of teacher-training institutes, the government appears to be in no mood to recommend new institutes. NCTE requested not to sanction new colleges or increase seats in the existing ones.