Two new varieties of cotton, H1316 and H1353, developed at Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, have been identified for release in the central zone of the country.
Both are American cotton varieties, which have high yield and are resistant to sucking pests. The Central Variety Identification/Release Committee during the meeting of All India Coordinated Research Project held at Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, recently, had identified these varieties for release in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.
"In general, cotton varieties are released for cultivation in the zone in which these have been developed. But this is the first time that cotton varieties developed in one zone have been released in other zone of the country," KS Khokhar, vice-chancellor of the university, said.
He complimented the team of scientists comprising SS Siwach, director of research; RS Sangwan, Raj Bahadur, PP Jain, KS Nirania, SR Pundir, Omender Sangwan and Somvir, who developed these varieties.
According to Khokhar, cotton varieties H1316 and H1353 are suitable for cultivation in under-irrigated and rainfed conditions, respectively. He said the potential yield of these varieties was 2,926 kg/ha and 2,825 kg/ha, respectively. In the coordinated trials, variety H1316 gave mean seed cotton yield of 1,988 kg/ha in the central zone against 1,524 kg/ha of zonal check variety LRA5166 and 1,742 kg/ha of local check variety.
Similarly, the other new variety, H1353, recorded a mean seed cotton yield of 1,365 kg/ha against 1,010 kg/ha of zonal check LRA 5,166 and 1,142 kg/ha of local check variety, Khokhar said.