The Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, has got a testing facility that can perform more than 100 tests using a single drop of blood and small volume of urine. It will be inaugurated on Friday.
The testing facility, established at the Advanced Paediatrics Centre of the institute, known as Mass Spectrometry and Metabolic Core Facility, is first of its kind in the region and third in the country in a government set-up.
The facility will help in detection of metabolic disorders – inherited conditions which affect the brain and other organs, resulting in mental retardation, fits and even death. According to experts, initially these conditions were considered to be rare but with better detection facilities, it has been found that they are not uncommon.
The PGIMER has called the introduction of these facilities in the institute as a giant leap in the detection and prevention of these disorders at very nominal charges.
The rate of metabolic disorder worldwide is one in 3,000 babies. At the PGIMER, the detection rate is 10% among high-risk children. If one child in the family is affected then chances of other child getting affected are also there and to prevent this, metabolic and genetic diagnosis is essential.
What can the machine do
Mass spectrometer will help in screening and diagnosis of more than 100 disorders with one drop of blood and small volume of urine.
It will also help in detection of various drugs used in epilepsy and for suppressing the immune system in patients undergoing an organ transplant.
The facility will help in detection of more than 30 trace elements and heavy metals in biological samples.
This will help in nutritional assessment and in detection of heavy metal toxicity.
It can also be used for analysing environmental pollutants like pesticides and Bisphenol-A etc.