Only full coverage helmets with a proper chinstrap are effective in preventing head injury, revealed a study conducted by the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) recently.
The study, which aimed at understanding the pattern of injuries among drivers, pillion riders and co-passengers of two and four-wheeler vehicles, was conducted on 1,545 people (1,314 males and 231 females) for nine months. All these patients were brought to the PGIMER emergency with head injuries. The study was published in the latest issue of journal, Neurology India.
The patients were evaluated on various parameters such as whether they were wearing helmet, seat belt or under the influence of alcohol when they met with the accident.
The study found that male drivers of two-wheeler vehicular accidents (71.4%) were most commonly injured. Among helmeted patients, only 4.8% sustained severe head injuries as compared to 23.7% unhelmeted patients.
The study further revealed that among helmeted patients with proper chinstrap, 2.6% suffered critical injuries as compared to 14% of non-strapped ones. “In 142 patients, helmet was at position after the crash and only 0.7% of these sustained severe head injuries,” the study found.
Besides, the study also found that drunken driving was noticed among 19% and 6% of two- and four-wheeler vehicular occupants, respectively. “Only 7.5% of the four-wheel vehicular occupants were wearing seat belt at the time of accident,” the study revealed.
It concluded that injury profile of two and four-wheeler vehicular accident victims was entirely different. “A ready supply of affordable helmets of appropriate quality and strict legislation for safety constraints is the need of the hour for road safety,” the study recommended.
Earlier, a study conducted by Government Medical College and Hospital, Sector-32 (GMCH-32) found that the road traffic accidents claimed the lion’s share in the injuries. The study had found that the road traffic accidents held the biggest share with around 44% of the total injuries. It was followed by falling, assault, stab, cut and burns. The study had also revealed that more than 50% of the people who got injured in all kind of accidents belonged to age group of 21-40 years, which was the most productive age group.