BCCI through the ages: A timeline of India’s cricket governing body
Here, we take a look at the BCCI since inception, its main figures and major landmarks in its 88-year existence.cricket Updated: Oct 06, 2016 17:25 IST
The storm winds whipped up by the 2013 IPL spot-fixing scandal now threatens to blow away the Board of Control for Cricket in India’s (BCCI) entrenched administrative structure in the wake of the Supreme Court-appointed Justice RM Lodha panel’s directives for root-and-branch reforms.
Here, we take a look at the BCCI since inception, its main figures and major landmarks in its 88-year existence.
1928: The BCCI is formed as a society following a meeting at the Roshanara Club in Delhi.
1932: India take a significant step into international cricket, playing their first Test, against England in Mumbai’s Gymkhana Club. India became the sixth team to be accorded Test status by the international body.
1940s to 60s: The BCCI, before and after Independence was controlled and governed mostly by figures from the princely states.
1952: Post partition, the Bombay quadrangular tournament lost relevance and Ranji Trophy rose as the national championship. India recorded their first Test victory in 1952, against England in Madras.
1983: The upset World Cup victory over West Indies pitch-forked India into the forefront of world cricket, enabling the BCCI to emerge from the shadows of England and Australia.
1987: The euphoria following the 1983 World Cup triumph saw cricket take over from hockey as the country’s No 1 sport. The BCCI persuaded the International Cricket Council to take the World Cup out of England for the first time, and allow India to jointly host the event with Pakistan.
1992: The rise of Jagmohan Dalmiya saw a major push for commercialising TV rights, setting the BCCI on the path to becoming a cash-rich behemoth and India the hub of world cricket.
1992: Dalmiya, as secretary, staged a six-team ODI tournament in India, the last time the ICC allowed any country to hold a tournament with more than three teams.
1993: Dalmiya and then president, IS Bindra, led the BCCI to a court win over Doordarshan on selling TV rights for India matches. It meant DD had to pay the board to show the matches, a major turnaround.
1995: The Supreme Court ruled that the broadcast rights belonged to the BCCI and the body could sell it to the highest bidder. It helped swell the board’s coffers.
1996: India’s commercial clout and leadership of then BCCI president, Madhavrao Scindia and secretary Dalmiya enabled it to bring the World Cup to the sub-continent (jointly hosted by India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka) by outwitting early favourites England.
1997: Having failed to secure two-thirds majority to head the ICC the previous year, Dalmiya became the first Indian to be elected president of the world governing body for three years.
2000: The BCCI played a big role in helping Bangladesh get Test status.
2000: The board, reeling under the match-fixing scandal that saw four Indian players slapped bans from playing, appointed the first foreign national coach, New Zealand’s John Wright.
2005: Powerful politician, Sharad Pawar, defeated Dalmiya to take over as BCCI president for a three-year term. He later served as ICC president, from 2010 to 2012.
2007: The BCCI took the major step to cash in on T20 cricket’s popularity by launching the Indian Premier League from the next year. It had already barred the Indian Cricket League as unauthorised.
2008: The current trouble for the BCCI began after it allowed amendment of a rule in its constitution to allow then secretary, N Srinivasan, to buy an IPL team (Chennai Super Kings). The rule barred BCCI office-bearers from having such commercial interests. It said: “no administrator of BCCI could have had, directly or indirectly, any commercial interest in the matches or events conducted by the cricket board”.
2009: The powerful BCCI refused to accept the whereabouts clause of the World Anti-doping Agency (WADA), saying giving out such information could jeopardise the security of its high-profile players.
2013: The IPL spot-fixing scandal erupted in May with the arrests of four Rajasthan Royals players, including Test paceman S Sreesanth, for underperforming in return for money.
Gurunath Meiyappan, senior CSK official and board president N Srinivasan’s son-in-law was arrested by the Mumbai Police on charges of illegal betting and insider deals. The Supreme Court forced a reluctant Srinivasan to ‘step aside’ from the post while the inquiry was completed on Meiyappan.
2014: A probe report into the IPL spot-fixing by former high court judge, Justice Mukul Mudgal, held Meiyappan guilty and CSK flouting the franchise agreement. The SC asked Srinivasan, who had been allowed to resume office, to step down as BCCI chief.
In November, the SC ruled that Srinivasan was guilty of conflict of interest as owner of the Chennai Super Kings.
2014: In February, Srinivasan, as ICC president, piloted the controversial ‘Big Three’ agreement which made India, Australia and England all powerful in world cricket administration and made them eligible for the lion’s share of ICC revenue.
2015: Shashank Manohar was re-elected as BCCI president for a second tenure --- he held the post from 2008 to 2011 --- in the wake of the tumult following the IPL scandal. Manohar brought in some transparency under pressure from the SC-appointed Lodha committee.
Manohar replaced Srinivasan as ICC chairman in November, and then took over as the first independent chairman of the organisation.
2016: Political leader, Anurag Thakur, succeeded Manohar as BCCI president in May.