For the sheer volume of athletes in Olympics, the International Olympic Committee’s anti-doping measures are massive.
For instance, the Olympic body will conduct around 7,000 tests during the 2016 Rio de Janerio Games. The Board of Control for Cricket in India’s (BCCI) anti-doping measures is miniscule in comparison.
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) was set up in 1999 to promote and coordinate the fight against doping in sport. While the WADA code is followed by most of the international federations, the BCCI does not. A few years ago, it raised concerns over the whereabouts clause.
In 2009, when the WADA included the clause, it did see opposition from other quarters including FIFA, UEFA and tennis players, Serena Williams, Rafael Nadal and Wimbledon champion Andy Murray.
The whereabouts clause requires the players registered in the international testing pool to inform the International Cricket Council the location and time they will be available for testing every day. Changes in schedule have to be conveyed to a nodal officer.
India cricketers argue the code violates their privacy, especially during the lean season, and that revealing details could prove to be a security threat.
Failing to reach a consensus, the ICC - which became a WADA signatory in 2006 -- formulated its own anti-doping rules. It was heavily inspired by WADA’s charter but is relaxed about the whereabouts. The players only need to submit their cricketing schedules. These rules came into effect in August, 2010.