Mahendra Singh Dhoni will return from injury to lead India in Wednesday's second Test against Australia in Brisbane, the Indian team management said on Tuesday.
Dhoni, who arrived late for the Australian tour to allow him time to fully recover from a fractured thumb, will take over from Virat Kohli.
Kohli scored back-to-back centuries and skippered a bold India run-chase in the opening Adelaide Test before the tourists went down by 48 runs last Saturday.
Dhoni has a poor record as India's captain in away Tests, winning just six out of 28 outside India.
If Dhoni loses the three remaining Tests of the series in Australia, he will become the most defeated captain away from home in the history of the game.