Marcus Trescothick was named on Wednesday in England's provisional 30-man squad for the International Cricket Council (ICC) World Twenty20 tournament in South Africa in September.
The 31-year-old Somerset opening batsman has not played international cricket since September last year having flown home from the Ashes tour of Australia last November before the first Test with a recurrence of a stress-related illness.
Also included are two players yet to feature at any international level - Sussex all-rounder Luke Wright and Essex batsman Mark Pettini. Meanwhile there was a surprise recall for Surrey leg-spinner Chris Schofield.
England, in common with all other sides, must trim their squad to a 15-man party by August 11 - which should give Trescothick enough time to consider if he is ready to return to international cricket.
"We've decided to name him in this provisional squad in order to give us more flexibility should it be decided that Marcus is ready to return to international cricket before the tournament takes place," said England's chairman of selectors, David Graveney.
The recall of leg-spinner Schofield caps a remarkable revival in a senior career that appeared to have come to an end.
He was one of the first players handed an England central contract back in 2000 and he played two Tests against Zimbabwe.
But his career stalled and a bitter departure from Lancashire three years ago - when he won a claim of unfair dismissal against his old employer - was followed by a spell in minor counties cricket.
However, Surrey offered him a one-year contract last year and this season is the leading wicket-taker in domestic Twenty20 with 17 wickets from eight group matches.
"I was very surprised but it is fantastic to be named," Schofield told Sky Sports. "I think over the last two years I have found my bowling again.. I have found a bit of form since moving to the Oval and have taken a few wickets."
"The club have backed me 100 precent and I have featured in virtually all one-day cricket this season."
Sussex seamer James Kirtley, whose career has been blighted by questions regarding the legtimacy of his action, was also recalled.
"I'm trying to put my problems behind me," he said. "They were some of the darkest days I've ever had. It's nice to get recognition in one-day cricket."
Among the players who missed out, despite being involved in the World Cup campaign in the West Indies are former one-day captain Michael Vaughan and opening batsman Andrew Strauss.
The inaugural World Twenty20 championships takes place in South Africa from September 11-24.
England provisional 30-man squad:
Paul Collingwood (Durham, captain), James Anderson (Lancashire), Ian Bell (Warwickshire), Ravi Bopara (Essex), Tim Bresnan (Yorkshire), Stuart Broad (Leicestershire), Glen Chapple (Lancashire), Alastair Cook (Essex), Andrew Flintoff (Lancashire), James Kirtley (Sussex), Jon Lewis (Gloucestershire), Mal Loye (Lancashire), Darren Maddy (Warwickshire), Dimitri Mascarenhas (Hampshire), Paul Nixon (Leicestershire, wicketkeeper), Monty Panesar (Northamptonshire), Mark Pettini (Essex), Kevin Pietersen (Hampshire), Liam Plunkett (Durham), Matt Prior (Sussex, wicketkeeper), Chris Schofield (Surrey), Owais Shah (Middlesex), Ryan Sidebottom (Nottinghamshire), Jeremy Snape (Leicestershire), Vikram Solanki (Worcestershire), Chris Tremlett (Hampshire), Marcus Trescothick (Somerset), Ian Trott (Warwickshire), Luke Wright (Sussex), Michael Yardy (Sussex).